Learn More
Arginine kinase (AK), catalyzing the reversible transfer of phosphate from MgATP to arginine yielding phosphoarginine and MgADP, is widely distributed throughout the invertebrates and is also present in certain protozoa. Typically, these proteins are found as monomers targeted to the cytoplasm, but true dimeric and contiguous dimeric AKs as well as(More)
Taurocyamine kinase (TK) is a member of the highly conserved family of phosphagen kinases that includes creatine kinase (CK) and arginine kinase. TK is found only in certain marine annelids. In this study we used PCR to amplify two cDNAs coding for TKs from the polychaete Arenicola brasiliensis, cloned these cDNAs into the pMAL plasmid and expressed the TKs(More)
The giant tubeworm Riftia pachyptila lives at deep-sea hydrothermal vents along the East Pacific Rise and the Galapagos Rift. The large size and high growth rate of R. pachyptila is supported by an endosymbiotic relationship with a chemosynthetic bacterium. Elucidation of the regulation of energy metabolism of the giant tubeworm remains an interesting(More)
Precious coral are taxonomically a group of corals that belong to the family Coralliidae within the order Alcyonacea, subclass Octocorallia, and class Anthozoa, whose skeletal axes are used for jewelry. They are distributed in the Mediterranean Sea and in waters adjacent to Japan, Taiwan, Midway Island and the Hawaiian Islands. The genus Corallium of the(More)
Arginine kinase (AK) from the clam Corbicula japonica is a unique enzyme in that it has an unusual two-domain structure with molecular mass of 80 kDa. It lacks two functionally important amino acid residues, Asp-62 and Arg-193, which are conserved in other 40 kDa AKs and are assumed to be key residues for stabilizing the substrate-bound structure. K m arg(More)
Arginine kinase (AK) plays a key role in ATP buffering systems of tissues and nerves that display high and variable rates of ATP turnover and is widely distributed in invertebrate animals. The enzyme is also found in unicellular organisms, protists and bacteria, but its occurrence is intermittent among species. The AK sequence is structurally divided into(More)
Hypotaurocyamine kinase (HTK) is a member of the highly conserved family of phosphagen kinases that includes creatine kinase (CK) and arginine kinase (AK). HTK is found only in sipunculid worms, and it shows activities for both the substrates hypotaurocyamine and taurocyamine. Determining how HTK evolved in sipunculids is particularly insightful because all(More)
The clams Pseudocardium, Solen, Corbicula and Ensis possess a unique form of arginine kinase (AK) with a molecular mass of 80 kDa and an unusual two-domain structure, a result of gene duplication and subsequent fusion. These AKs also lack two functionally important amino acid residues, Asp62 and Arg193, which are strictly conserved in other 40-kDa AKs and(More)
We determined the cDNA-derived amino acid sequences of two arginine kinases (AK1, AK2) from the annelid Sabellastarte indica, cloned the cDNAs into pMAL plasmid and expressed them in E. coli. The phylogenetic analyses suggested that Sabellastarte AKs have evolved from a CK-related gene, not from the usual AK gene. The recombinant Sabellastarte AK1 showed a(More)
The purpose of this study was to elucidate the functional differences between the CK isoforms by cloning the cDNAs of 12 CK isoforms: the M and B cytoplasmic forms and uMiCK from mouse, the M1, M2 and B cytoplasmic forms from Danio rerio, M1 and M2 cytoplasmic forms from the lower vertebrate Lampetra japonica, a cytoplasmic CK and a MiCK from the marine(More)