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AIM Mizoribine (MZR) is a newly developed immunosuppressive agent in Japan. To relieve disease flare of lupus nephritis, a prospective pilot study of oral MZR pulse therapy (a phase II trial) is conducted as an alternative therapy to dose up of corticosteroids. METHODS Six Japanese patients with biopsy-proven lupus nephritis who experienced disease flare(More)
AIM It has been reported that the pharmacokinetics of cyclosporin A (CsA) in children is different from that in adults. It appears that, in general, pediatric patients metabolize CsA more rapidly than adult patients, necessitating the use of higher dose of the drug in pediatric transplant recipients. In this context, we speculated that single-dose daily(More)
We examined amplification of the c-met, c-erbB-2, and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene in the patients with primary gastric cancer, and compared the data with clinical features in order to clarify the relationship between oncogenic abnormality and clinical features. Oncogene amplifications were examined by slot blot hybridization using DNAs(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS The prognosis for colon cancer is poorest in cases of emergency situation in the elderly not only in Japan, but worldwide. The aim was to design a therapeutic approach used for colon cancer in the elderly. METHODOLOGY Seventy-one patients, who were all older than 70 years, with colon carcinoma in an emergency situation were examined.(More)
BACKGROUND The most common cause of noncurative resection and recurrence is gastric cancer is peritoneal seeding. However, the results of treatment of peritoneal dissemination with chemotherapy have been poor with 5-year survival rates of 0%. METHODS A new in vitro thermochemosensitivity test was performed on gastric cancer cells obtained from 19(More)
BACKGROUND Sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy is a promising method for the diagnosis of the axillary nodal status. We examined the availability of the SLN biopsy using two mapping procedures: the dye- and gamma probe-guided method, and preoperative lymphoscintigraphy by gamma camera imaging. METHODS We enrolled 48 patients with breast cancer.(More)
In 88 resected patients with esophagus-invading gastric cancer, the factors determining the prognosis of this disease were investigated by multivariate analysis. Neither, age, sex, macroscopic type, thoracotomy, nor histological type proved to be independent prognostic factors. The presence or absence of lymph node metastasis, serosal invasion, tumor size,(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Angiogenesis, formation of new capillary blood vessels, is crucial for gastroduodenal ulcer healing because it enables delivery of oxygen and nutrients to the healing site. Because angiogenesis is stimulated by vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and angiopoietin-1 (Ang1), we studied whether local gene therapy with nonviral DNA(More)
Several pilot studies have indicated that SLN biopsy can be used to identify axillary lymph node metastases in patients with breast cancer. To confirm this finding, a multicenter study in a variety of practice settings was performed. A total of 674 patients with breast cancer at five institutions were enrolled. The techniques of SLN identification included(More)