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In Sustainability Science (SS) it is not only difficult to identify what needs to be solved but how to solve the problems once identified. There has been no consensus on underlying question of “What is structuring in SS?” This paper focuses on articulating in the form of a reference model a set of required elements, functions, and actions(More)
Starting from a general characterization of roles, we focus on the ways in which roles are specified, we examine the formal constraints on their definitions, and propose definitional schemas motivating different kinds of roles. This classification , in addition to clarify the notion of role itself, helps us to reconsider the two standard solutions that have(More)
We have developed an environment for building/using ontologies, named Hozo, based on both of a fundamental consideration of an ontological theory and a methodology of building an ontology. Since Hozo is based on an ontological theory of a role-concept, it can distinguish concepts dependent on particular contexts from so-called basic concepts and contribute(More)
This paper describes a system for supporting development of ontol-ogy in a distributed manner. By a distributed manner, we mean ontology is divided into several component ontologies, which are developed by different developers in a distributed environment. The target ontology is obtained by compiling the component ontologies. These component ontologies are(More)
Although the necessity of an ontology and ontological engineering is well-understood, there has been few success stories about ontology construction and its deployment to date. This paper presents an activity of ontology construction and its deployment in an interface system for an oil-refinery plant operation which has been done under the umbrella of(More)
A methodology of ontology design and a computer system supporting ontology design are needed. Our research goals include a methodology for ontology design and developing an environment for building and using ontologies. Although several systems for building ontologies have been implemented, they do not consider enough ontological theory. We discuss how to(More)
Role is very important in ontology engineering. Although OWL has been available for ontology representation, consideration about roles is not enough. It can cause to decrease semantic interoperability of ontologies because of conceptual gaps between OWL and developers. To overcome this difficulty, this paper presents some consideration for dealing with(More)
The RIKEN integrated database of mammals (http://scinets.org/db/mammal) is the official undertaking to integrate its mammalian databases produced from multiple large-scale programs that have been promoted by the institute. The database integrates not only RIKEN's original databases, such as FANTOM, the ENU mutagenesis program, the RIKEN Cerebellar(More)
This article discusses a fundamental issues of medical ontology based on ontological theory. We focus on "anatomical structure of organs" and "abnormal states in the human body". On the basis of the investigation, we distinguish organ-specific types from those independent of any organ to maximize the explicitness of ontology. The next feature of our(More)