Kouji Kifune

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Chitin is an absorbable suture material with suitable mechanical properties. Tissue reaction is not specific and the good healing which ensued provided evidence for a satisfactory biocompatibility. Toxicity tests, including acute toxicity, pyrogenicity, mutagenicity were negative in all respects. The chitin suture was absorbed in about four months in rat(More)
To have a comparatively more slowly releasing anticancer drug with effectiveness, Plachitin was prepared by chemical combination of CDDP and chitin (poly-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine). Chitin is absorbed by the living body over several months. To investigate the slow releasing property, it was implanted in thigh muscle of mice and rabbit. Pt level in different(More)
Plachitin, which is reconstituted by the combination of CDDP and chitin, has been reported to have a slow releasing property of CDDP and an antitumor effect. The antitumor effect and pharmacokinetics of Plachitin for intraarterial chemoembolization therapy were studied in rabbits using VX2 tumor inoculated in the hind limb. One gram of Plachitin contained(More)
We have already reported the slow releasing property and anticancer effect of Plachitin, which is reconstituted by combination of CDDP and chitin. This study deals in more detail with the slow releasing property, and the renal complications and the effectiveness for solid tumor were examined. After implantation of Plachitin subcutaneously in the abdominal(More)
A new drug delivery system for local cancer chemotherapy was developed by chemical combination of chitin and cisplatin. When this material (Plachitin) was implanted in mice, high cisplatin concentrations were measured in the tissue around Plachitin for more than eight weeks without any nephrotoxicity. Local application of Plachitin improved the survival of(More)
We designed an effective virus concentration method to prevent the infection with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) in laboratories. The absorbent of Minicon concentrators (Amicon Division, M.R. Grace & Co.-Conn.) was changed to chitin, a mucopolysaccharide extracted from the shells of Japanese pink crab. HIV-1 in the supernatant of HIV-1 infected(More)
It is well known that Paraquat (1,1'-dimethyl-4,4'-bipyridylium dichloride), used widely as a herbicide, causes a primary toxic effect in the lungs of humans and laboratory animals. This paper describes the pulmonary changes of chronic paraquat poisoning in rats, comparing scanning electron microscopic findings. Twenty-four rats were given repeated(More)
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