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BACKGROUND Moyamoya disease is an idiopathic vascular disorder of intracranial arteries. Its susceptibility locus has been mapped to 17q25.3 in Japanese families, but the susceptibility gene is unknown. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS Genome-wide linkage analysis in eight three-generation families with moyamoya disease revealed linkage to 17q25.3(More)
Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) and perfluorooctanoate (PFOA) are widespread contaminants in the environment, as well as in wildlife and in humans. The PFOS and PFOA concentrations were determined in historical human serum samples collected in Shenyang, China, in 1987 (n=15), 1990 (n=33), 1999 (n=68) and 2002 (n=119). The serum donors were students,(More)
Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) and perfluorooctanoate (PFOA) are detected in the environment, as well as more specifically in wildlife and humans. However, the toxicokinetic aspects of perfluorochemicals in humans are unclear. In this study, we measured concentrations of PFOA and PFOS in subjects who had lived in Kyoto city for more than 10 years. The(More)
Moyamoya disease is an idiopathic vascular disorder of the intracranial arteries. Ring finger 213 (RNF213) was previously identified as the strongest susceptibility gene for moyamoya disease in East Asian people by a genome-wide linkage analysis and exome analysis. The coding variant p.R4810K in RNF213 was strongly associated with moyamoya disease in the(More)
Perfluorooctanesulfonate (PFOS) and perfluorooctanoate (PFOA) are important perfluorochemicals (PFCs) in various applications. Recently, it has been shown that these chemicals are widespread in the environment, wildlife and humans. But the kinds of factors that affect their levels in serum are unclear, and it is also not clear whether exposure to them is(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-alpha (PPARalpha) has been suggested to protect against chemically induced hepatobiliary injuries in rodents. This function could mask the potential toxicities of perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) that is an emerging environmental contaminant and a weak ligand of PPARalpha. However its function has not been clarified.(More)
Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) and perfluorooctanoate (PFOA) are amphiphiles found ubiquitously in the environment, including wildlife and humans, and are known to have toxic effects on physiological functions of various tissues. We investigated the effects of PFOS and PFOA on action potentials and L-type Ca(2+) currents, I(CaL), in isolated guinea-pig(More)
Recently, PFOS was reported to be ubiquitously detected in the environment, as well as in human serum, raising concerns regarding its health risks. We investigated the effects of PFOS on action potentials and currents in cultured rat cerebellar Purkinje cells using whole-cell patch-clamp recording. In current-clamp experiments, PFOS significantly decreased(More)
The increase in the number of chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients from the north central region of Sri Lanka has become a environmental health issue of national concern. Unlike in other countries where long-standing diabetes and hypertension are the leading causes of renal diseases, the majority of CKD patients from this part of Sri Lanka do not show any(More)
Perfluorooctanoate (PFOA) and perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) are synthetic surfactants used in Japan. An epidemiological study of workers exposed to PFOA revealed a significant increase in prostate cancer mortality. A cross-sectional study of PFOA-exposed workers showed that PFOA perturbs sex hormone homeostasis. We analyzed their concentrations in(More)