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The efficiency of the vascular-tissue system in mammals for oxygen (O2) transport to tissue was evaluated by employing the following simulation models; (i) the spherical tissue model for assessing the maximum tissue mass for which a certain number of capillaries located in the center of each sphere can deliver sufficient O2; (ii) the minimum volume model of(More)
We investigated the location of elements in the goblet cells of rat conjunctiva by analyzing ion images produced by secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) and comparing them with those produced by energy dispersive X-ray analyser (EDX). Conjunctivas of normal Spraque-Dawley rats were quenched in propane prechilled liquid nitrogen. Semi-thin sections were(More)
The aim of this computer simulation study is to evaluate the efficiency of capillary networks in the skeletal muscle for oxygen (O2) delivery to tissue for all mammals. This was performed by: (1) employing Krogh's cylinder model for the capillary-tissue system and the minimum volume model for the vascular system, (2) allometrically assessing the muscle(More)
To investigate the process of wear in the total knee prosthesis consisting of alumina ceramics (Al-ceramics) and ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWP) in vivo, we observed the fine structures of the articular surface of the prostheses used for four patients with osteosarcoma of the distal femur. We also examined the wear debris in the surrounding(More)
The spawning behavior and reproductive characteristics of the fluvial eight-barbel loach (nagare-hotoke-dojo) Lefua sp. (sensu Hosoya, 1993) were examined in 11 male–female pairs of 31.5–61.5 mm in standard length (SL) (males) and 34.1–70.9 mm SL (females) in experimental tanks, each with a layer of charcoal sand. Spawning of Lefua sp. began at a water(More)
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