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We collected and completely sequenced 28,469 full-length complementary DNA clones from Oryza sativa L. ssp. japonica cv. Nipponbare. Through homology searches of publicly available sequence data, we assigned tentative protein functions to 21,596 clones (75.86%). Mapping of the cDNA clones to genomic DNA revealed that there are 19,000 to 20,500 transcription(More)
Six cDNA clones encoding two small subunits and four large subunits of ADP-glucose pyrophosphorylase (AGPase) were mined from the database of rice full-length cDNAs, cloned and subsequently named: OsAPS1, OsAPS2, OsAPL1, OsAPL2, OsAPL3 and OsAPL4. Expression patterns of the six genes were examined by Northern blot analysis with gene-specific probes. OsAPL3(More)
In coffee and tea plants, caffeine is synthesized from xanthosine via a pathway that includes three methylation steps. We report the isolation of a bifunctional coffee caffeine synthase (CCS1) clone from coffee endosperm by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE) technique using previously(More)
In coffee and tea plants, caffeine is synthesized from xanthosine via a pathway that has three methylation steps. We identified and characterized the gene encoding the enzyme for the first methylation step of caffeine biosynthesis. The full-length cDNA of coffee tentative caffeine synthase 1, CtCS1, previously isolated by the rapid amplification of cDNA(More)
The sequence of a rice gene encoding a starch branching enzyme (sbe1) shows extreme divergence from that of the rice gene, that is homologous to bacterial glycogen branching enzyme (sbe2). sbe1 is expressed abundantly and specifically in developing seeds and maximally in the middle stages of seed development. This expression pattern completely coincides(More)
We isolated a novel C9 position specific lipoxygenase (r9-LOX1) cDNA from developing rice seeds. The enzymatic features of r9-LOX1 resembled those of rice LOX-L3 known to be contained in rice germ and to have C9-specific LOX activity. However, the expression level of the r9-LOX1 gene was higher in imbibed seeds rather than developing seeds. A homology(More)
Caffeine (1,3,7-trimethylxanthine) and theobromine (3,7-dimethylxanthine) are the major purine alkaloids in plants. To investigate the diversity of N-methyltransferases involved in purine alkaloid biosynthesis, we isolated the genes homologous for caffeine synthase from theobromine-accumulating plants. The predicted amino acid sequences of(More)
New MADS-domain genes, IbMADS3 and IbMADS4, were isolated from pigmented and tuber-forming root tissue in sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas L.). Both genes were expressed preferentially in vegetative tissues, especially root tissues; white fibrous roots, pigmented roots, and developing tuberous roots. On sequence alignment, these genes fell into the STMADS(More)
The phase transition in sweet potato root during tuber differentiationis a complex developmental process that involves changes in gene expression andmorphogenesis. Among the three kinds of root in sweet potato (white fibrousroot, thick-pigmented root and lateral root), ADP-glucose pyrophosphorylase(AGPase) and chalcone synthases (CHS) are expressed only in(More)
Chitinase cDNAs from Leucaena leucocephala seedlings were cloned by PCR amplification with degenerate primers based on conserved class I chitinase sequences and cDNA library screening. Two closely related chitinase cDNAs were sequenced and inferred to encode precursor proteins of 323 (KB1) and 326 (KB2) amino acids. Expression of the KB2 chitinase from a(More)