Kouichi Ashikawa

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We quantitated phasic epimyocardial microcirculatory coronary blood flow velocity patterns in the beating left ventricle. Using a newly developed floating objective and high-speed cinematography, red cell velocities in small arterioles, capillaries, and small venules and microvascular diameters in the superficial layer of the epimyocardium of beating left(More)
By using excised postmortem hearts obtained from 15 mongrel dogs with the pericardium intact, we investigated mechanical interactions between the four heart chambers from the standpoint of ventricular pressure-volume relationships. The interactions investigated were those between (1) the atrium and the ventricle, (2) the right ventricle and left ventricles,(More)
In line with studies on the metabolism of the ischemic myocardium, the effectiveness of diltiazem hydrochloride, a potent calcium antagonist, in reducing the effects of ischemia was evaluated. Nonischemic and ischemic tissue samples were examined in two groups of dogs--Group I, dogs receiving no drug and killed after 60 minutes of regional ischemia, and(More)
Our aim was to elucidate the site and mechanism responsible for reactive hyperemia in coronary circulation. In in vivo beating canine hearts, microvessels of the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) were observed through a microscope equipped with a floating objective. Flow velocity of the LAD was measured with a suction-type Doppler probe. The(More)
We examined the effects of graded reduction of afterload on the global left ventricular and regional myocardial functions as well as coronary hemodynamics in hearts with regional ischemia. We used isolated, paced canine hearts that were loaded with a hydraulic system that simulated the aortic input impedance of the dog's arterial tree. The loading(More)
The objective of this study was to determine whether coronary vascular resistance remains constant during long diastoles and whether critical closure of arterial microvessels occurs at zero-flow pressure. For this purpose, we directly measured internal diameters and red blood cell velocities in arterial and venous coronary microvessels during long diastoles(More)
We have investigated the effects of OPC-8212, a new positive inotropic agent, and dobutamine, a known cardioselective inotropic agent, on global left ventricular (LV) and ischemic regional functions in 14 excised canine hearts with a flow-limiting stenosis of the left circumflex coronary artery (LCX) (i.e., 20-25% of control flow). OPC-8212 infusion (n = 7)(More)
Endocardial pacemaker leads may cause tricuspid valve regurgitation, but only four cases of tricuspid stenosis without endocarditis have been reported. A 77-year-old woman had received three endocardial leads when aged 44, 57, and 72 years. One lead pushed up the septal leaflet of the tricuspid valve from below the valve, then adhered to the leaflet, and(More)
To examine how end systole differs from end ejection and also whether the slope of the end systolic pressure-volume relation can be approximated to that of the end ejection pressure-volume relation, nine isolated, perfused, paced canine hearts ejecting into a hydraulic loading system that simulated the aortic input impedance of a dog's arterial tree were(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine whether neuropeptide Y has a direct vasoconstrictor effect at low doses, mimicking the physiological plasma concentration on the specific site(s) of coronary arterial microvessels in in situ beating canine left ventricles. Coronary microvessels were directly observed by means of an intravital microscope and video(More)