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Previous studies suggested that one or more genes on chromosome 5q21 are responsible for the inheritance of familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) and Gardner's syndrome (GS), and contribute to tumor development in patients with noninherited forms of colorectal cancer. Two genes on 5q21 that are tightly linked to FAP (MCC and APC) were found to be somatically(More)
We isolated a novel gene, APCL, that showed significant homology to the adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) tumor suppressor gene. This novel gene, located on chromosome 19p13.3, encodes a protein of 2303 amino acids that is expressed specifically in the brain. The predicted protein of APCL contains five copies of a 20-amino-acid motif (FXVEXTPXCFSRXSSLSSLS).(More)
Leptin is currently believed to control body composition largely, if not entirely, via hypothalamic receptors that regulate food intake and thermogenesis. Here we demonstrate direct extraneural effects of leptin to deplete fat content of both adipocytes and nonadipocytes to levels far below those of pairfed controls. In cultured pancreatic islets, leptin(More)
We have studied mechanisms by which leptin overexpression, which reduces body weight via anorexic and thermogenic actions, induces triglyceride depletion in adipocytes and nonadipocytes. Here we show that leptin alters in pancreatic islets the mRNA of the genes encoding enzymes of free fatty acid metabolism and uncoupling protein-2 (UCP-2). In animals(More)
Sustained hyperleptinemia of 8 ng/ml was induced for 28 days in normal Wistar rats by infusing a recombinant adenovirus containing the rat leptin cDNA (AdCMV-leptin). Hyperleptinemic rats exhibited a 30-50% reduction in food intake and gained only 22 g over the experimental period versus 115-132 g in control animals that received saline infusions or a(More)
To examine early genetic events during colorectal carcinogenesis, we searched for genetic alterations in 75 adenomas from seven patients with familial polyposis coli (FAP) and in 64 sporadic colorectal tumors (63 carcinomas and one adenoma). We investigated germ-line and somatic mutations in the APC gene, somatic mutations in the K-ras and p53 genes, and(More)
We examined the relation between consumption of 22 dietary items and subsequent bladder-cancer incidence in a cohort of atomic-bomb survivors in Japan. Subjects were 38,540 people (14,873 men and 23,667 women) who responded to a mail survey carried out between 1979 and 1981 and who had no known cancer diagnosed before the start of follow-up (1 January 1980(More)
The human zona pellucida (ZP) is composed of three major glycoproteins: ZP1, ZP2, and ZP3. The aim of this study was to clarify the role of ZP2 by focusing on the polypeptide structure. We produced in Escherichia coli a recombinant human ZP2 protein (rec-hZP2) corresponding to amino acid sequence 1-206 of the mature protein. The final yield of rec-hZP2(More)
A retrospective comparison of cytogenetic and ultrasound findings in first trimester spontaneous fetal loss after demonstration of cardiac activity was made. The crown-rump length (CRL) was measured twice for each fetus resulting in spontaneous abortion: (i) CRL was measured in the viable state while demonstrating cardiac activity, and the growth deviation(More)
APCL, a homologue of the adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) tumor suppressor, can deplete cytoplasmic beta-catenin like APC. However, as its biological function remains unclear, we have been using a yeast two-hybrid system to search for proteins that associate with its carboxyl region. Among several cDNA clones we isolated from a fetal-brain cDNA library as(More)