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Near-infrared spectroscopy has been used for measurement of changes in cerebral Hb concentrations in infants to study cerebral oxygenation and hemodynamics. In this study, measurements by time-resolved spectroscopy (TRS) were performed in 22 neonates to estimate the values of light absorption coefficient and reduced scattering coefficient (mu'(s)), cerebral(More)
Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) has been used for measurement of cerebral hemoglobin (Hb) concentrations in neonates to study cerebral oxygenation and hemodynamics. We perform measurements by portable three-wavelength NIR time-resolved spectroscopy (TRS) in a piglet hypoxia model with various degrees of oxygenation to estimate the absorption coefficient(More)
During the developmental stage, the brain undergoes anatomic, functional, and metabolic changes necessary to support the complex adaptive behavior of a mature individual. Estimation of developmental changes occurring in different regions of the brain would provide a means of relating various behavioral phenomena to maturation-specific brain structures,(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the validity of the hypothesis that excitatory amino acids are related to phosphorylation potential during primary and secondary cerebral energy failure observed in asphyxiated infants. We report here the results of experiments using newborn piglets subjected to severe transient cerebral hypoxia-ischemia followed by(More)
Zonisamide is widely used for intractable epilepsy and the effects of this drug on fetuses and neonates through the mother taking it for epilepsy need to be clarified. We measured the zonisamide concentration in plasma and breast milk using high-performance liquid chromatography to investigate the transfer of zonisamide through the placenta and breast milk,(More)
Using full-spectrum near infrared spectroscopy (fsNIRS), we measured changes in oxy- and deoxyhemoglobin (HbO2 and Hb), total hemoglobin (T-Hb) concentration, and hemoglobin oxygen saturation (SbO2) in the brain tissue of seven neonates immediately following birth. It was found that HbO2 rose rapidly within 2-3 min after birth. During the same time, there(More)
BACKGROUND Estimation of hemodynamics is important for critically ill infants. Pulse dye densitometry (PDD) using indocyanine green (ICG), which enables measurements of circulating blood volume at the bedside, has recently been developed for adults. METHODS We conducted a basic investigation to determine whether this method can be applied to infants and(More)
We evaluated the use of micafungin as a prophylaxis in very-low-birth-weight infants. Micafungin was first administered to 25 very-low-birth-weight infants 12 to 24 hours after birth at a dose of 1 mg/kg/d. the apparent volume of distribution, the apparent elimination rate constant, the elimination half-life, and the total body clearance (mean +/- SD) were(More)
Agranulocytosis caused by ethosuximide is extremely rare in children. Drug-induced agranulocytosis is an unexpected side effect of a drug, and delay in diagnosis of agranulocytosis can result in a fatal outcome. We experienced a case of a 16-month-old male infant with Down syndrome in whom fever appeared 16 days after the start of administration of(More)
BACKGROUND The developmental changes of the umbilical cortisol levels in neonates at gestational age of 23-41 weeks were studied and the effect of antenatal steroid administration on the umbilical cortisol levels were examined. METHODS Cortisol levels in the umbilical vein (UV) and the umbilical artery (UA) were studied in 35 neonates at the gestational(More)