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Studies of the genetic regulation involved in drug metabolizing enzymes and drug transporters are of great interest to understand the molecular mechanisms of drug response and toxic events. Recent reports have revealed that hydrophobic ligands and several nuclear receptors are involved in the induction or down-regulation of various enzymes and transporters(More)
We have theoretically examined the relative binding affinities (RBA) of typical ligands, 17beta-estradiol (EST), 17alpha-estradiol (ESTA), genistein (GEN), raloxifene (RAL), 4-hydroxytamoxifen (OHT), tamoxifen (TAM), clomifene (CLO), 4-hydroxyclomifene (OHC), diethylstilbestrol (DES), bisphenol A (BISA), and bisphenol F (BISF), to the alpha-subtype of the(More)
KiBank is a database of inhibition constant (Ki) values with 3D structures of target proteins and chemicals. Ki values were accumulated from peer-reviewed literature searched via PubMed. The 3D structure files of target proteins were originally from Protein Data Bank (PDB), while the 2D structure files of the chemicals were collected together with the Ki(More)
MOTIVATION To represent various aspects of receptors effectively, we developed the receptor database (RDB), using an object-oriented database management system ACEDB and the Internet/WWW technology. RESULTS RDB was constructed so that the system collects data items such as attributes of proteins from distributed data sources of the Internet, and so that(More)
The enzyme activities of CYP2D6 and CYP2C19 show a genetic polymorphism, and the frequency of poor metabolizers (PMs) on these enzymes depends on races. We have analyzed frequencies of mutant alleles and PMs based on the published data in previous study (Shimizu, T. et al.: Bioinformatics research on inter-racial difference in drug metabolism, I. Analysis(More)
We have developed a visualized cluster analysis of protein-ligand interaction (VISCANA) that analyzes the pattern of the interaction of the receptor and ligand on the basis of quantum theory for virtual ligand screening. Kitaura et al. (Chem. Phys. Lett. 1999, 312, 319-324.) have proposed an ab initio fragment molecular orbital (FMO) method by which large(More)
The Global Information Network on Chemicals (GINC) is an effort to build a global information network that links international, national, and other organizations working for the safe management of chemicals in order to exchange information and improve communications. The project was originally proposed in 1993 by one of the authors then at the National(More)