Kothandapani Balaraman

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Extracellular secondary metabolites from 350 fungi and 94 actinomycetes were screened for larvicidal activity against Culex quinquefasciatus, Anopheles stephensi and Aedes aegypti. Of them, 133 fungal metabolites and 35 from actinomycetes were active. Two from Streptomyces sp. and one from Paecilomyces sp. were highly active with LC50 value of 1-3(More)
Transferrin is a defence protein known to be up-regulated upon infection of parasites/pathogens in Aedes aegypti mosquito. However, no information is available on its up-regulation in Culex quinquefasciatus, the vector of bancroftian filarial parasite. In the present study, enhancement of transferrin in C. quinquefasciatus infected with Wuchereria bancrofti(More)
The efficiency of laboratory colonies of mosquitoes such as Anopheles stephensi Liston, Aedes aegypti (L.) Liverpool strain, Ae. aegypti wild type, Aedes albopictus (Skuse), Culex tritaeniorhynchus Giles, Culex sitiens Wiedemann, and Armigeres subalbatus Coquillett in supporting the development of Wuchereria bancrofti (Cobbold) (Spirurida: Onchocercidae)(More)
Infectivity of R. iyengari was examined by exposing mosquito (Culex quinquefasciatus) larvae to the preparasite at different conductivity levels. The preparasite infected 63.5, 30, 11, 1.5 and 0.5% of the mosquito larvae respectively at 2000, 2500, 3000, 3300 and 3600 mu ho/cm. Although, 62-69% of the preparasite survived at 4000-5400 mu ho/cm, it did not(More)
Oviposition attractants could be used for monitoring as well as controlling mosquitoes by attracting them to lay eggs at chosen sites. In the present study, culture filtrates of seven bacterial species were tested for their attractancy against gravid females of Culex quinquefasciatus. When their oviposition active indices (OAI) were studied, the culture(More)
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE Cyclosporins are produced by certain species of the filamentous fungi, belonging to the genus Tolypocladium. While there are numerous reports on the use of cyclosporins in clinical studies, reports on the various aspects of their production have been very limited. Therefore, this study was carried to optimize the medium composition(More)
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES Biological control through the use of parasitoids and pathogens is one of the alternatives to the use of chemical pesticides for control of insects of public health importance. At the Vector Control Research Centre, a liquid formulation developed using the metabolite of a Pseudomonas fluorescens strain was found to be lethal to(More)