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Inflammation is increasingly regarded as a key process underlying metabolic diseases in obese individuals. In particular, obese adipose tissue shows features characteristic of active local inflammation. At present, however, little is known about the sequence of events that comprises the inflammatory cascade or the mechanism by which inflammation develops.(More)
Embryonic morphogenesis of vascular and nervous systems is tightly coordinated, and recent studies revealed that some neurogenetic factors such as Sonic hedgehog (Shh) also exhibit angiogenetic potential. Vascularization within the developing mouse neural tube depends on vessel sprouting from the surrounding vascular plexus. Previous studies implicated(More)
Liposuction aspirates (primarily saline solution, blood, and adipose tissue fragments) separate into fatty and fluid portions. Cells isolated from the fatty portion are termed processed lipoaspirate (PLA) cells and contain adipose-derived adherent stromal cells (ASCs). Here we define cells isolated from the fluid portion of liposuction aspirates as(More)
BACKGROUND Lipoinjection is a promising treatment but has some problems, such as unpredictability and a low rate of graft survival due to partial necrosis. METHODS To overcome the problems with lipoinjection, the authors developed a novel strategy known as cell-assisted lipotransfer (CAL). In CAL, autologous adipose-derived stem (stromal) cells (ASCs) are(More)
Wound fluids, human serum from platelet-poor and platelet-rich plasma (SPPP and SPRP), contain various soluble factors involved in cell growth and proliferation. Levels of cytokines, chemokines, and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) in drainage fluids (DFs) harvested from subcutaneous wounds, punctured fluids (PF) from seroma, and SPPP were measured. SPPP(More)
CD34 is frequently used as a marker of adipose-derived stem/stromal/progenitor cells (ASCs). However, CD34 expression in human ASCs (hASCs) decreases over time in culture, and the implications of this remain unclear. In this study, we sorted shortly-cultured hASCs into CD34+ and CD34- fractions and compared their biological functions. Results indicated that(More)
The present study investigated the effects of a novel benzodiazepine inverse agonist, S-8510 [2-(3-isoxazolyl)-3, 6, 7, 9-tetrahydroimidazo [4, 5-d] pyrano [4,3-b] pyridine monophosphate monohydrate], on the P300 components of the event-related potential (ERP) in monkeys. Late positive potentials (P300-like potentials) from the cortex (Pz) and hippocampus(More)
To test the hypothesis that dynorphin is a K-opiate agonist acting on the myenteric plexus, the potency of two benzomorphan antagonists (Win 44, 441 and Mr 2266) to block the inhibitory action of dynorphin, enkephalins and opioid alkaloids was determined on the longitudinal muscle preparation of the guinea pig ileum. The effectiveness of these antagonists(More)
The purpose of this study is to examine the cellular and molecular events coincident with muscle denervation, especially the regenerative changes seen following muscle denervation, the role of satellite cells in this process, and the possibility of apoptotic degeneration of myonuclei as a mechanism of myonuclei loss during muscle denervation atrophy. Myosin(More)