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Gastrointestinal hormones including gastric inhibitory polypeptide (GIP), glucagon-like peptide (GLP)-1, and GLP-2 are secreted immediately after meal ingestion, and GIP and GLP-2 have been shown to regulate bone turnover. We hypothesize that endogenous GLP-1 may also be important for control of skeletal homeostasis. We investigated the role of GLP-1 in the(More)
In this work we give a method for constructing a one-parameter family of complete CMC-1 (i.e. constant mean curvature 1) surfaces in hyperbolic 3-space that correspond to a given complete minimal surface with finite total curvature in Euclidean 3-space. We show that this one-parameter family of surfaces with the same symmetry properties exists for all given(More)
We shall introduce the singular curvature function on cuspidal edges of surfaces, which is related to the Gauss-Bonnet formula and which characterizes the shape of cuspidal edges. Moreover, it is deeply related to the behavior of the Gaussian curvature of a surface near cuspidal edges and swallowtails.
Corosolic acid (CRA), a constituent of Banaba leaves, has been reported to exert anti-hypertension, anti-hyperinsulinemia, anti-hyperglycemia, and anti-hyperlipidemia effects as well as to induce anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative activities. The aim of this study was to investigate the inhibitory effects of CRA on the development of obesity and hepatic(More)
The Schwarz map of the hypergeometric differential equation is studied since the beginning of the last century. Its target is the complex projective line, the 2-sphere. This paper introduces the hyperbolic Schwarz map, whose target is the hyperbolic 3-space. This map can be considered to be a lifting to the 3-space of the Schwarz map. This paper studies the(More)