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Intracortical connectivity was studied in slice preparations of cat's visual cortex by spike-triggered averaging. The experiments documented the unitary postsynaptic potentials underlying the inhibitory and excitatory connections from layer III-IV border cells to supragranular cells, as demonstrated previously by cross-correlation studies. In addition the(More)
Despite multiple disparate prognostic risk analysis systems for evaluating clinical outcome for patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), imprecision persists with such analyses. To attempt to improve on these systems, an International MDS Risk Analysis Workshop combined cytogenetic, morphological, and clinical data from seven large previously reported(More)
The formation of specific neural connections in the cerebral cortex was studied using organotypic coculture preparations composed of subcortical and cortical regions. Morphological and electrophysiological analysis indicated that several cortical efferent and afferent connections, such as the corticothalamic, thalamocortical, corticocortical, and(More)
Familial adenomatous polyposis coli (FAP) is a disease characterized by the development of multiple colorectal adenomas, and affected individuals carry germline mutations in the APC gene. With the use of a conditional gene targeting system, a mouse model of FAP was created that circumvents the embryonic lethality of Apc deficiency and directs Apc(More)
Neural connections were established in cocultures of rat visual cortex (VC) and lateral geniculate nucleus (LGN), which were isolated in early infancy. Morphological and electrophysiological studies showed that the cortical laminar organization of afferent and efferent connections in the coculture preparations was similar to that in the adult VC. The(More)
To elucidate the formation of early thalamocortical synapses we recorded optical images with voltage-sensitive dyes from the cerebral cortex of prenatal rats by selective thalamic stimulation of thalamocortical slice preparations. At embryonic day (E) 17, thalamic stimulation elicited excitation that rapidly propagated through the internal capsule to the(More)
The t(7;11)(p15;p15) translocation is a recurrent chromosomal abnormality associated primarily with acute myeloid leukaemia (FAB M2 and M4). We present here the molecular definition of this translocation. On chromosome 7 positional cloning revealed the consistent rearrangement of the HOXA9 gene, which encodes a class I homeodomain protein potentially(More)
Oncogenic conversion of transcription factors by chromosomal translocations is implicated in leukemogenesis. We report that the t(17;19) in acute lymphoblastic leukemia produces a chimeric transcription factor consisting of the amino-terminal portion of HLH proteins E12/E47 (products of the E2A gene) fused to the basic DNA-binding and leucine zipper(More)