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Ca(2+) is absorbed across intestinal epithelial monolayers via transcellular and paracellular pathways, and an active form of vitamin D(3), 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) [1alpha,25(OH)(2)D(3)], is known to promote intestinal Ca(2+) absorption. However, the molecules driving the paracellular Ca(2+) absorption and its vitamin D dependency remain obscure.(More)
Allergic asthma is the most common form of asthma, affecting more than 10 million Americans. Although it is clear that mast cells have a key role in the pathogenesis of allergic asthma, the mechanisms by which they regulate airway narrowing in vivo remain to be elucidated. Here we report that mice lacking αvβ6 integrin are protected from exaggerated airway(More)
Tight junctions are intercellular junctions localized at the most apical end of the lateral plasma membrane. They consist of four kinds of transmembrane proteins (occludin, claudins, junctional adhesion molecules, and tricellulin) and huge numbers of scaffolding proteins and contribute to the paracellular barrier and fence function. The mutation and(More)
During epithelialization, cell adhesions and polarity must be established to maintain tissue assemblies and separate the biological compartments in the body. However, the molecular basis of epithelial morphogenesis, in particular, a role of cell adhesion molecules in epithelial differentiation from stem cells, remains unclear. Here, we show that the stable(More)
In the skin lesions of atopic dermatitis (AD), keratinocytes release large quantities of thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP), causing unfavorable inflammation along with skin damage. Nevertheless, how TSLP influences keratinocytes themselves is still unknown. In this study, we showed that ΔNp63, a p53-homologue, predominantly expressed in keratinocytes(More)
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