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Using magnetic resonance (MR) diffusion-weighted method, we examined the optic and the trigeminal nerves of jimpy and twitcher mice, considered to be animal models of Pelizaeus-Merzbacher disease, hypomyelination disorder, and Krabbe disease, demyelination disorder, respectively. In jimpy mice, diffusional anisotropy of optic nerve did not show a(More)
Déjà vu is a common experience among the normal population. However, in individuals with temporal lobe epilepsy, it often occurs as a seizure manifestation. The specific cause of such déjà vu is not yet known. Here, we report a case of epilepsy with persistent déjà vu. The patient described the state as if he were living the same life he had lived before.(More)
We attempted differential diagnosis of dysmyelination and demyelination in childhood using magnetic resonance diffusion weighted imaging. Pelizaeus-Merzbacher disease, one of the dysmyelination disorders, demonstrated diffuse high intensity of the cerebral white matter on T2-weighted images, which demonstrated diffusional anisotropy on diffusion weighted(More)
PURPOSE To determine the electromagnetic sources of localized epileptic activities using magnetoencephalography (MEG) in three adult patients with epilepsy suggestive of Lennox-Gastaut syndrome (LGS). METHODS MEG and simultaneous electroencephalography (EEG) were recorded from three adult patients using a 204-channel, whole-head MEG system. Equivalent(More)
This study uses magnetoencephalography (MEG) to examine whether cortical regions that constitute a default mode network are involved during generalized spike-wave discharges (GSWs) in patients with juvenile absence epilepsy (JAE). We studied five JAE patients for whom MEG was recorded using a 204-channel, whole-head gradiometer system. Dynamic statistical(More)
The aim of this study was to clarify the factors related to the formation of the buccal mucosa ridging, which has been mentioned to be a clinical sign of clenching. Twenty-one individuals were investigated and divided into three groups: (i) those without buccal mucosa ridging, (ii) the buccal mucosa ridging located in all the posterior teeth region, and(More)
A dysplastic neuronal lesion of the floor of the fourth ventricle (DNFFV) causes hemifacial seizures (HFS) from early infancy. However, it is still controversial whether HFS is generated by the facial nerve nucleus or cerebellar cortex. In this study, we confirm a direct correlation between the rhythmic activities in the DNFFV and HFS using intraoperative(More)
The progress of myelination in the cerebrum was evaluated by visual inspection, and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and the transverse relaxation time (T2) was calculated from double echo images. Twenty-three pediatric cases, who did not show intracranial organic changes on MR examination, were included. The T2 values in the corpus callosum (CC), frontal(More)
The purpose of this study was to establish a clinical method for diagnosing diurnal bruxism in denture wearers by recording masseter and anterior temporal electromyograph (EMG) activity. Seven suspected bruxists and five normal patients who wore complete dentures and/or distal extension base removable partial dentures were selected for participation. EMG(More)
Leukocyte migration from circulation into tissue depends on leukocyte integrin-mediated adhesion to endothelium, but integrins cannot function until activated. However, it remains to be understood how tumor cells adhere to endothelium and infiltrate into underlying tissue. We studied mechanisms of extravasation of leukemic cells using adult T cell leukemia(More)