Kotaro Hieda

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A rapid and simple yeast transformation procedure has been developed using colonies on agar plates. Saccharomyces cerevisiae SHY3 cells were picked up from colonies on YPD plates grown freshly or stored at 4 °C and incubated with M13RK9-T DNA at 30 °C for 1–2 h in a solution of Li+, Ca2+, Mg2+, triacetin and polyethylene glycol. About 3,500 transformants(More)
UVA1 induces the formation of 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosines (8-OH-dGs) and cyclobutane pyrimidine dimers (CPDs) in the cellular genome. However, the relative contribution of each type of damage to the in vivo genotoxicity of UVA1 has not been clarified. We irradiated living mouse skin with 364-nm UVA1 laser light and analyzed the DNA damage formation and(More)
We investigated the wavelength dependence of cyclobutane thymine dimer and (6-4)photoproduct induction by monochromatic UV in the region extending from 150 to 365 nm, using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay with two monoclonal antibodies. Calf thymus DNA solution was irradiated with 254-365 nm monochromatic UV from a spectrograph, or with 220-300 nm(More)
The biologically effective dose of solar UV radiation was estimated from the inactivation of UV-sensitive Bacillus subtilis spores. Two types of independent measurements were carried out concurrently at the Aerological Observatory in Tsukuba: one was the direct measurement of colony-forming survival that provided the inactivation dose per minute (ID/min)(More)
  • K Hieda
  • International journal of radiation biology
  • 1994
The recent development of irradiation systems using synchrotron radiation (SR) as a source is enabling researchers to obtain intense monochromatic photons having a narrow bandwidth in the vacuum-UV (VUV) and soft X-ray regions. We can thus systematically study the photon energy dependence of DNA damage formation in these energy regions. The photon energy(More)
Biological monitoring of solar UV radiation using spore dosimeters has been undertaken since the year 1999 at more than 20 sites in Asia, Europe and South America. The monthly-cumulative data to the end of the year 2004 have been presented before. In this paper, successive data to the end of the year 2007 are compiled and the trends and correlation analyses(More)
A small and robust dosimeter for determining the biologically effective dose of ambient UV radiation has been developed using UV-sensitive mutant spores of Bacillus subtilis strain TKJ6312. A membrane filter with four spots of the spores was snapped to a slide mount. The slide was wrapped and covered with two or more layers of polyethylene sheet to protect(More)
African green monkey kidney cells, CV-1, were irradiated with Carbon ions (LET: 735 keV/µm Argon ions (LET: 3,000 keV/µm) to visualize ion tracks through the cell nucleus by labeling the 3'-OH termini result of DNA strand breaks. The 3'-OH termini of DNA were labeled with BrdU-triphosphate catalyzed by TdT. This method of TUNEL (TdT-mediated dUTP Nick End(More)
The biological effects of inner-shell ionization in bromine atoms incorporated into DNA in the form of bromodeoxyuridine monophosphate (BrdUMP), induced by monochromatized synchrotron X-rays, were studied using a deoxythymidine monophosphate (dTMP)-permeable mutant of yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The BrdUMP-incorporated yeast cells were irradiated with(More)
The effects of K-shell absorption of phosphorus atoms on yeast cells were investigated using synchrotron X-rays that were tuned to the resonance absorption peak (2153 eV). Three types of cellular effect (cell inactivation, induction of gene conversion at the trp-5 locus, and cell membrane impairment (changes in the permeability] were measured. It was(More)