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Autotaxin (ATX) is a tumor cell motility-stimulating factor, originally isolated from melanoma cell supernatants. ATX had been proposed to mediate its effects through 5'-nucleotide pyrophosphatase and phosphodiesterase activities. However, the ATX substrate mediating the increase in cellular motility remains to be identified. Here, we demonstrated that(More)
Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is a pluripotent lipid mediator acting through plasma membrane-associated LPA(x) receptors that transduce many, but not all, of its effects. We identify peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) as an intracellular receptor for LPA. The transcription factor PPARgamma is activated by several lipid ligands, but(More)
Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is a lipid mediator with multiple biological activities that accounts for many biological properties of serum. LPA is thought to be produced during serum formation based on the fact that the LPA level is much higher in serum than in plasma. In this study, to better understand the pathways of LPA synthesis in serum, we evaluated(More)
Every successful pregnancy requires proper embryo implantation. Low implantation rate is a major problem during infertility treatments using assisted reproductive technologies. Here we report a newly discovered molecular influence on implantation through the lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) receptor LPA3 (refs 2-4). Targeted deletion of LPA3 in mice resulted in(More)
Reciprocal interactions between blastocysts and receptive uteri are essential for successful implantation. This process is regulated by the timely interplay of two ovarian hormones, progesterone and estrogen. However, the molecular targets of these hormones are largely unknown. We showed recently that a small bioactive lysophospholipid, lysophosphatidic(More)
Autotaxin (ATX) is a tumor cell motility-stimulating factor originally isolated from melanoma cell supernatant that has been implicated in regulation of invasive and metastatic properties of cancer cells. Recently, we showed that ATX is identical to lysophospholipase D, which converts lysophosphatidylcholine to a potent bioactive phospholipid mediator,(More)
Autotaxin (ATX) is a multifunctional phosphodiesterase originally isolated from melanoma cells as a potent cell motility-stimulating factor. ATX is identical to lysophospholipase D, which produces a bioactive phospholipid, lysophosphatidic acid (LPA), from lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC). Although enhanced expression of ATX in various tumor tissues has been(More)
Gliostatin is a polypeptide growth inhibitor of apparent M(r) = 100,000 with a homodimeric structure comprising two 50-kDa subunits, acting on astrocyte as well as astrocytoma cells (Asai, K., Hirano, T., Kaneko, S., Moriyama, A., Nakanishi, K., Isobe, I., Eksioglu, Y.Z., and Kato, T. (1992) J. Neurochem., 59, 307-317). The amino acid sequences of 13(More)
OBJECTIVES Recent accumulating evidence indicates that lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is a lipid mediator, abundantly present in blood, with a wide range of biologic actions including the regulation of proliferation and contraction in liver cells. Although it is speculated that LPA might play a role in pathophysiologic processes in vivo, not only its role but(More)
Autotaxin (ATX) is a multifunctional ecto-type phosphodiesterase that converts lysophospholipids, such as lysophosphatidylcholine, to lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) by its lysophospholipase D activity. LPA is a lipid mediator with diverse biological functions, most of which are mediated by G protein-coupled receptors specific to LPA (LPA1-6). Recent studies on(More)