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Flap endonuclease-1 (FEN1) is a key enzyme for maintaining genomic stability and replication. Proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) binds FEN1 and stimulates its endonuclease activity. The structural basis of the FEN1-PCNA interaction was revealed by the crystal structure of the complex between human FEN1 and PCNA. The main interface involves the(More)
During embryogenesis, smooth muscle cells of the gut differentiate from mesenchymal cells derived from splanchnic mesoderm. We have isolated a gene involved in the differentiation of smooth muscle cells in the gut using differential display between the chicken proventriculus in which the smooth muscle layer develops poorly and the gizzard in which smooth(More)
The hepatitis C virus (HCV) has a positive single-stranded RNA genome, and translation starts within the internal ribosome entry site (IRES) in a cap-independent manner. The IRES is well conserved among HCV subtypes and has a unique structure consisting of four domains. We used an in vitro selection procedure to isolate RNA aptamers capable of binding to(More)
Non-structural protein 3 (NS3) of hepatitis C virus (HCV) has two distinct activities, protease and helicase, which are essential for HCV proliferation. In previous work, we obtained RNA aptamers (G9-I, II and III) which specifically bound the NS3 protease domain (DeltaNS3), efficiently inhibiting protease activity in vitro. To utilize these aptamers in(More)
The second hyperpolarizability γ of trimethylenemethane (TMM) and two 1,3-dipole derivatives (NXA and OXA) in their triplet ground state has been evaluated at the UCCSD(T) level with the d-aug-cc-pVDZ extended basis set, highlighting that γ decreases from TMM to NXA and OXA, following the opposite order of their permanent dipole moments. These results are(More)
We describe the production of circles in chromomeric loops during the pachytene stage of the spermatocytes. These circles are found attached to chromatin or already free in the nucleoplasm. Each circle measures an average of 3700 A in circunference. We suggest that such circles might indicate the presence of tandem repetitions.
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