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Meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) sequence type (ST) 398 is widely prevalent in swine in Europe and North America. To determine the prevalence of MRSA, and specifically ST398, in Japanese swine, a total of 115 nasal swabs and 115 faecal samples from swine reared at 23 farms located in eastern Japan were investigated. MRSA was isolated from a(More)
A total of 318 Escherichia coli isolates obtained from different food-producing animals affected with colibacillosis between 2001 and 2006 were subjected to phylogenetic analysis: 72 bovine isolates, 89 poultry isolates and 157 porcine isolates. Overall, the phylogenetic group A was predominant in isolates from cattle (36/72, 50%) and pigs (101/157, 64.3%)(More)
Livestock-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (LA-MRSA) is mainly associated with swine and is capable of causing zoonotic infections. The methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) multilocus sequence type (ST) 398 of swine origin is predominant in Europe and North America, whereas ST9 is predominant in Asia. To evaluate the possible(More)
Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV) was isolated from 14 out of 35 wild house mouse samples captured on two piers of Osaka port in Japan. Four of them were isolated from were isolated from 18 antibody positive mice while 10 were from 17 antibody negative mice. This is the first report of the isolation of LCMV from wild mice in Japan.
We analyzed in vitro activities and pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics (PK/PD) parameters of veterinary fluoroquinolones against avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) strains from cases of avian colibacillosis. The median of minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC(50)) values against APEC strains for enrofloxacin (ERFX) and danofloxacin (DNFX) were 0.25(More)
Avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) serogroup O78 isolates in Japan were characterized using multilocus sequence typing (MLST) and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE). Thirty-four of the serotype O78 isolates were clustered into 11 PFGE types with 80% similarity and were classified into 5 sequence types (STs), ST23, ST117, ST155, ST369 and 1 novel(More)
PURPOSE According to the 2008 survey conducted by Baba et al., the average prevalence of Japanese cedar-pollen allergy is 26.5% in Japan, although there are great regional differences in the prevalence of this disease. In this study, we investigated the causes of its regional differences. METHODS Regional differences in the 2008 prevalence of cedar-pollen(More)
Antimicrobial administration is essential for the control and treatment of diseases in animals, but the emergence and prevalence of antimicrobial-resistant Staphylococcus aureus is a significant concern during animal production. Here we investigated the antimicrobial susceptibility of S. aureus from diseased food-producing animals and molecularly(More)
We examined antimicrobial susceptibility and efflux systems in laboratory-derived mutants of Salmonella enterica serovar Choleraesuis selected by culture on fluoroquinolone-containing plates. The mutants exhibited decreased susceptibilities to quinolones and several other antimicrobials. Mutations in the gyrA gene were not always found in the mutants.(More)
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