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Upon endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, an endoribonuclease, inositol-requiring enzyme-1α, splices the precursor unspliced form of X-box-binding protein 1 messenger RNA (XBP1u mRNA) on the ER membrane to yield an active transcription factor (XBP1s), leading to the alleviation of the stress. The nascent peptide encoded by XBP1u mRNA drags the(More)
Upon endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, mammalian cells induce the synthesis of a transcriptional activator XBP1s to alleviate the stress. Under unstressed conditions, the messenger RNA (mRNA) for XBP1s exists in the cytosol as an unspliced precursor form, XBP1u mRNA. Thus, its intron must be removed for the synthesis of XBP1s. Upon ER stress, a stress(More)
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