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T-associated maternal effect (Tme) is the only known maternal-effect mutation in the mouse. The defect is nuclear-encoded and embryos that inherit a deletion of the Tme locus from their mother die at day 15 of gestation. There are many genomically imprinted regions known in the mouse genome but so far no imprinted genes have been cloned. The Tme locus is(More)
Yeast genetics and in vitro biochemical analysis have identified numerous genes involved in protein secretion. As compared with yeast, however, the metazoan secretory pathway is more complex and many mechanisms that regulate organization of the Golgi apparatus remain poorly characterized. We performed a genome-wide RNA-mediated interference screen in a(More)
The small GTPase Rab5, which cycles between active (GTP-bound) and inactive (GDP-bound) states, plays essential roles in membrane budding and trafficking in the early endocytic pathway. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying the Rab5-regulated processes are not fully understood other than the targeting event to early endosomes. Here, we report a novel(More)
A genome-wide screen revealed previously unidentified components required for transport and Golgi organization (TANGO). We now provide evidence that one of these proteins, TANGO1, is an integral membrane protein localized to endoplasmic reticulum (ER) exit sites, with a luminal SH3 domain and a cytoplasmic proline-rich domain (PRD). Knockdown of TANGO1(More)
The Ras-homologous GTPase Rheb that is conserved from yeast to human appears to be involved not only in cell growth but also in nutrient uptake. Recent biochemical analysis revealed that tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC), a GTPase-activating protein (GAP), deactivates Rheb and that phosphatidylinositol 3'-kinase (PI3k)-Akt/PKB kinase pathway activates Rheb(More)
The small GTPase Rab family, which cycles between GTP-bound active and GDP-bound inactive states, plays an important role in membrane trafficking. Among them, Rab5 is involved in early endocytic pathway, and several Rab5-binding proteins have been identified as regulators or effectors to coordinate the docking and fusion processes of endocytic vesicles. We(More)
The small GTPase Ras family regulates a variety of cell functions including proliferation and differentiation. Here we have identified novel Ras members, human Di-Ras1 and Di-Ras2, belonging to a distinct branch of the GTPase family. Di-Ras1 and Di-Ras2 specifically expressed in heart and brain share 30-40% overall identity with other members of Ras family,(More)
Efficient clearance of apoptotic cells by phagocytes is important for development, tissue homeostasis, and the prevention of autoimmune responses. Phagosomes containing apoptotic cells undergo acidification and mature from Rab5-positive early to Rab7-positive late stages. Phagosomes finally fuse with lysosomes to form phagolysosomes, which degrade apoptotic(More)
Mechanisms for exporting variably sized cargo from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) using the same machinery remain poorly understood. COPII-coated vesicles, which transport secretory proteins from the ER to the Golgi apparatus, are typically 60-90 nm in diameter. However, collagen, which forms a trimeric structure that is too large to be accommodated by(More)
Cytoplasmic ribonucleoprotein granules, known as processing bodies (P-bodies), contain a common set of conserved RNA-processing enzymes, and mRNAs with AU-rich elements (AREs) are delivered to P-bodies for translational silencing. Although the dynamics of P-bodies is physically linked to cytoskeletal network, it is unclear how small GTPases are involved in(More)