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A fundamental problem in systems biology and whole genome sequence analysis is how to infer functions for the many uncharacterized proteins that are identified, whether they are conserved across organisms of different phyla or are phylum-specific. This problem is especially acute in pathogens, such as malaria parasites, where genetic and biochemical(More)
Malaria infection starts when mosquitoes inject sporozoites into the skin. The parasites enter the blood stream and make their way to the liver where they develop into the exo-erythrocytic forms (EEFs). Immunization with irradiated sporozoites (IrSp) leads to robust protection against malaria infection in rodents, monkeys and humans by eliciting antibodies(More)
Immunization with radiation attenuated Plasmodium sporozoites (RAS) elicits sterile protective immunity against sporozoite challenge in murine models and in humans. Similarly to RAS, the genetically attenuated sporozoites (GAPs) named uis3(-), uis4(-) and P36p(-) have arrested growth during the liver stage development, and generate a powerful protective(More)
Emerging resistance of the malaria parasite Plasmodium to current therapies underscores the critical importance of exploring novel strategies for disease eradication. Plasmodium species are obligate intracellular protozoan parasites. They rely on an unusual form of substrate-dependent motility for their migration on and across host-cell membranes and for(More)
The levels of apoptosis associated proteins Bcl(2), Bax, cytochrome-c and p53 was investigated in mice cerebral cortex and cerebellum, using an experimental model of fatal murine cerebral malaria (FMCM). Owing to the activation of events central to mitochondrial dysfunctions, we monitored the structural integrity of mitochondria in cerebral malaria (CM)(More)
Plasmodium sporozoites are the infective forms of malaria parasite to vertebrate host and undergo dramatic changes in their transcriptional repertoire during maturation in mosquito salivary glands. We report here the role of a novel and conserved Plasmodium berghei protein encoded by PBANKA_091090 in maturation of Exo-erythrocytic Forms (EEFs) and designate(More)
UNLABELLED Plasmodium parasites undergo continuous cellular renovation to adapt to various environments in the vertebrate host and insect vector. In hepatocytes, Plasmodium berghei discards unneeded organelles for replication, such as micronemes involved in invasion. Concomitantly, intrahepatic parasites expand organelles such as the apicoplast that produce(More)
BACKGROUND Salivary gland lesions, especially the neoplastic lesions constitute a highly heterogeneous histopathologic group. Several studies have reported a significant difference in the global distribution of salivary gland tumors, but no formal study has been carried out in this part of the globe. OBJECTIVES To document the pattern of various salivary(More)
The levels of nuclear transcription factor-kappa B (NF-kappaB) subunits p65 and p50 and its associated kinase, inhibitory kappa B kinase (IKK) alpha and beta were monitored in cytosolic and nuclear fraction of mice cerebral cortex and cerebellum using an experimental model of fatal murine cerebral malaria (FMCM). Since protein kinase C (PKC) and protein(More)
The activity and levels of CaM kinase II-alpha was investigated in the cytosolic and membrane fraction of mice cerebral cortex and cerebellum using an experimental model of fatal murine cerebral malaria (FMCM). In parallel, Ca(2+)/Calmodulin dependent phosphorylation of target substrate proteins was studied using syntide-2 as substrate. Pathology of FMCM(More)
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