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Calcium-dependent protein kinases play a crucial role in intracellular calcium signaling in plants, some algae and protozoa. In Plasmodium falciparum, calcium-dependent protein kinase 1 (PfCDPK1) is expressed during schizogony in the erythrocytic stage as well as in the sporozoite stage. It is coexpressed with genes that encode the parasite motor complex, a(More)
A fundamental problem in systems biology and whole genome sequence analysis is how to infer functions for the many uncharacterized proteins that are identified, whether they are conserved across organisms of different phyla or are phylum-specific. This problem is especially acute in pathogens, such as malaria parasites, where genetic and biochemical(More)
Malaria infection starts when mosquitoes inject sporozoites into the skin. The parasites enter the blood stream and make their way to the liver where they develop into the exo-erythrocytic forms (EEFs). Immunization with irradiated sporozoites (IrSp) leads to robust protection against malaria infection in rodents, monkeys and humans by eliciting antibodies(More)
The levels of apoptosis associated proteins Bcl(2), Bax, cytochrome-c and p53 was investigated in mice cerebral cortex and cerebellum, using an experimental model of fatal murine cerebral malaria (FMCM). Owing to the activation of events central to mitochondrial dysfunctions, we monitored the structural integrity of mitochondria in cerebral malaria (CM)(More)
The levels of nuclear transcription factor-kappa B (NF-kappaB) subunits p65 and p50 and its associated kinase, inhibitory kappa B kinase (IKK) alpha and beta were monitored in cytosolic and nuclear fraction of mice cerebral cortex and cerebellum using an experimental model of fatal murine cerebral malaria (FMCM). Since protein kinase C (PKC) and protein(More)
The circumsporozoite (CS) protein is the major surface protein of Plasmodium sporozoites. Antibodies to the immunodominant repeat domain of CS immobilize sporozoites and prevent infection of hepatocytes. Plasmodium falciparum vaccines containing CS repeats are undergoing human trials in endemic areas, and proof of efficacy has been obtained. The correlates(More)
The irradiated-sporozoite vaccine elicits sterile immunity against Plasmodium parasites in experimental rodent hosts and human volunteers. Based on rodent malaria models, it has been proposed that CD8+ T cells are the key protective effector mechanism required in sporozoite-induced immunity. To investigate the role of class II-restricted immunity in(More)
Malaria sporozoites migrate through several cells prior to a productive invasion that involves the formation of a parasitophorous vacuole (PV) where sporozoites undergo transformation into Exo-erythorcytic forms (EEFs). The precise mechanism leading to sporozoite activation for invasion is unknown, but prior traversal of host cells is required. During cell(More)
Immunization with radiation attenuated Plasmodium sporozoites (RAS) elicits sterile protective immunity against sporozoite challenge in murine models and in humans. Similarly to RAS, the genetically attenuated sporozoites (GAPs) named uis3(-), uis4(-) and P36p(-) have arrested growth during the liver stage development, and generate a powerful protective(More)
Emerging resistance of the malaria parasite Plasmodium to current therapies underscores the critical importance of exploring novel strategies for disease eradication. Plasmodium species are obligate intracellular protozoan parasites. They rely on an unusual form of substrate-dependent motility for their migration on and across host-cell membranes and for(More)