Kosuke Oikawa

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BACKGROUND MicroRNAs are a family of 19- to 25-nucleotides noncoding small RNAs that primarily function as gene regulators. Aberrant microRNA expression has been described for several human malignancies, and this new class of small regulatory RNAs has both oncogenic and tumor suppressor functions. Despite this knowledge, there is little information(More)
This study evaluated the protective role of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38 MAPK) inhibitors and sequestosome 1 (Sqstm1/A170/p62), a stress-induced signal modulator, in acoustic injury of the cochlea in mice. Two weeks after the exposure of mice to acoustic stress, threshold shifts of the auditory brainstem response (ABR) from the pre-exposure(More)
Pathological hallmarks of Alzheimer's disease include memory deficits, accumulation of amyloid beta (Abeta) plaques, the appearance of neurofibrillary tangles, and dysregulation of calcium homeostasis, which has been linked to mutations in the presenilin gene that code for presenilin (PS) proteins. PSs are a family of multi-pass transmembrane proteins where(More)
Here we show that human papillomavirus (HPV) E6 and E7 oncoproteins induce hWAPL expression. In addition, small interfering RNA (siRNA) of hWAPL suppressed the growth of tumours derived from SiHa cells in nude mice. Thus, hWAPL may be one of the effective targets of uterine cervical cancer therapy.
PURPOSE Cigarette smoking is the most consistent risk factor for age-related macular degeneration (AMD), especially the choroidal neovascularization (CNV)-mediated exudative type. Dioxins and dioxin-like compounds have various effects on living organisms and are also contained in cigarette smoke. However, the effects of dioxins on the eye remain elusive. In(More)
BACKGROUND Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is a major cause of cancer-related morbidity and mortality worldwide. Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-targeted therapy is an attractive strategy alternative to conventional cancer treatments for HNSCC, but its efficacy remains controversial. T-cell-based immunotherapy has been proposed as a(More)
BACKGROUND Translocated in liposarcoma-CCAAT/enhancer binding protein homologous protein (TLS-CHOP) (also known as FUS-DDIT3) chimeric oncoprotein is found in the majority of human myxoid liposarcoma (MLS), but its molecular function remains unclear. METHODS We knockdowned TLS-CHOP expression in MLS-derived cell lines by a specific small interfering RNA,(More)
Smad3 is an intracellular signaling molecule in the transforming growth factor β (TGF-β) pathway that serves as a regulator of chondrogenesis and osteogenesis. To investigate the role of the TGF-β/Smad3 signaling in the process of fracture healing, an open fracture was introduced in mouse tibiae, and the histology of the healing process was compared between(More)
Many sarcomas are characterized by specific recurrent chromosomal translocations resulting in gene fusions. The genes involved in almost all of these translocations have been cloned, greatly changing sarcoma diagnosis. At the biological level, these chromosomal translocations produce highly specific fusion genes that encode key molecules for tumor(More)
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