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The structure of a crystalline form of Bombyx mori silk fibroin, commonly found before the spinning process (known as silk I), was proposed by combining data obtained from two-dimensional spin-diffusion nuclear magnetic resonance under off magic angle spinning, rotational-echo double-resonance (REDOR), previously reported X-ray diffraction analyses and 13C(More)
The purpose of this study is to create a new silk fibroin scaffold with sufficient three-dimensional morphology and porous structure for cartilage formation. We have applied sucrose particles sized around 300 to 500 microm as porogens compared to equal-sized salt particles. After the porogen was leached out with water, scaffolds were prepared with fibroin(More)
Two silklike proteins, [TGRGDSPAGG(GAGAGS)3AS]5 (FS5) and [TGRGDSPA-(GVPGV)2GG(GAGAGS)3AS]8 (FES8) were designed to demonstrate the superior performance as biomaterials of silklike proteins. The former protein consists of the crystalline domain sequence, (GAGAGS)n from Bombyx mori silk fibroin and cell-adhesive sequence TGRGDSPA coming from(More)
Spiders synthesize several kinds of silk fibers. In the primary structure of spider silk, one of the major ampullate (dragline, frame) silks, spidroin 1, and flagelliform silk (core fibers of adhesive spiral), there are common repeated X-Gly-Gly (X = Ala, Leu, Pro, Tyr, Glu, and Arg) sequences, which are considered to be related to the elastic character of(More)
This study focuses on the conformational characterization of poly(alanine-glycine) II (pAG II) as a model for a Bombyx mori fibroin silk I structure. Raman, IR, and 13C-cross-polarization/magic angle spinning NMR spectra of pAG II are discussed in comparison with those of the crystalline fraction of B. mori silk fibroin (chymotryptic precipitate, Cp) with a(More)
In this study, one- and two-dimensional NMR experiments are applied to uniformly (15)N-enriched synthetic elastin, a recombinant human tropoelastin that has been cross-linked to form an elastic hydrogel. Hydrated elastin is characterized by large segments that undergo "liquid-like" motions that limit the efficiency of cross-polarization. The refocused(More)
The peptides (AG)(6)(VPGVG)(AG)(7) and (AG)(5)(VPGVG)(2)(AG)(5) are models for a new type of protein with both composition and properties such as Bombyx mori silk and elastin. In this paper, we report the solid-state NMR results for these samples and related peptides; the structures after dialysis of the 9 M LiBr aqueous solution and after treatment with(More)
Elastin is a crosslinked hydrophobic protein found in abundance in vertebrate tissue and is the source of elasticity in connective tissues and blood vessels. The repeating polypeptide sequences found in the hydrophobic domains of elastin have been the focus of many studies that attempt to understand the function of the native protein on a molecular scale.(More)
Bombyx mori silk fibroin fiber is a fibrous protein produced by the silkworm at room temperature and from an aqueous solution whose primary structure is highly repetitive. In this study we analyzed the structural characteristics of native peptides, derived from B. mori silk fibroin, with formic acid treatment using high-resolution solid-state 13C NMR. We(More)
The resiliency and elasticity of vertebrate tissues are traced to elastin, a crosslinked protein with extensive hydrophobic regions. There is little discussion in the literature on the structure and dynamics of the alanine-rich crosslinking regions of elastin that comprise a significant part of the native protein. In particular, the region encoded by exons(More)