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The Japanese mouse, Mus musculus molossinus, has long been considered an independent subspecies of the house mouse. A survey of restriction-site haplotypes of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) showed that Japanese mice have two main maternal lineages. The most common haplotype is closely related to the mtDNA of the European subspecies M. m. musculus. The other(More)
Stomata are highly specialized organs that consist of pairs of guard cells and regulate gas and water vapor exchange in plants [1-3]. Although early stages of guard cell differentiation have been described [4-10] and were interpreted in analogy to processes of cell type differentiation in animals [11], the downstream development of functional stomatal guard(More)
Genetic variability of the nontranscribed spacer (NTS) region within ribosomal DNA repeating units in the various subspecies of Mus musculus was determined. Mice belonging to several laboratory mouse strains were examined by means of Southern blot hybridization with a mouse ribosomal DNA probe. This probe encompasses the 3' end of the 28S ribosomal RNA(More)
We selectively amplified the spacer regions of genes for mouse 5S ribosomal RNA (rRNA), which are tandemly repeated, by the PCR method, using primers specific to the two ends of the coding region for 5S rRNA. Fragments of approximately 1.6 kb were amplified from DNA from the BALB/cCrSlc mouse (Mus musculus domesticus), the SM/J mouse (M. m. domesticus), the(More)
Apoptosis is a key mechanism for metazoans to eliminate unwanted cells. Resistance to apoptosis is a hallmark of many cancer cells and a major roadblock to traditional chemotherapy. Recent evidence indicates that inhibition of caspase-dependent apoptosis sensitizes many cancer cells to a form of non-apoptotic cell death termed necroptosis. This has led to(More)
Many aspects of mouse behavior have been studied by using only a relatively small sample of available laboratory strains. These laboratory mice were derived from the so-called "fancy mouse" and in most cases underwent extensive domestication before inbreeding. Thus, the behavioral repertoire of the laboratory mouse may be very different from that exhibited(More)
Examination of the histocompatibility region of the nonobese diabetic (NOD) mouse with antibodies against class II glycoproteins (products of immune response genes of the major histocompatibility complex I-A and I-E), hybrid T-cell clones, and mixed-lymphocyte cultures and analysis of restriction fragment length polymorphisms indicate that the NOD mouse has(More)
A silver staining method was used to analyze the distribution of nucleolar organizer regions (Ag-NORs) on chromosomes of 45 wild mice (Mus musculus). The four subspecies represented were M. m. musculus, M. m. molossinus, M. m. castaneus, and M. m. bactrianus. Ag-NORs were observed near the centromeric regions of 11 chromosomes (4, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 15, 16,(More)
Genetic differentiation of ribosomal DNA (rDNA) nontranscribed-spacer (NTS) polymorphism was analyzed in 50 individuals from 13 populations among the four chromosomal species (2n = 52, 2n = 54, 2n = 58, and 2n = 60) of subterranean mole rats of the Spalax ehrenbergi complex in Israel. Southern blot analysis with a mouse rDNA probe and two restriction(More)
To localize the MHC-linked diabetogenic genes in the nonobese diabetic (NOD) mouse, a recombinational hotspot from the B10.A(R209) mouse was introduced to the region between the MHC class I K and class II A of the NOD mouse with the recombinational site centromeric to the Lmp2/Tap1 complex by breeding the two strains. Replacement of the NOD region(More)