Kostas Rellos

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A retrospective case series study was performed in a 30-bed general intensive care unit (ICU) of a tertiary care hospital to assess the effectiveness and safety of colistin in 43 critically ill patients with ICU-acquired infections caused by multiresistant Gram-negative bacteria. Various ICU-acquired infections, mainly pneumonia and bacteraemia caused by(More)
Introduction The clinical and economic consequences of the emergence of multidrug-resistant Gramnegative bacteria in the intensive care unit (ICU) setting, combined with the high mortality rate among patients with nosocomial pneumonia, have stimulated a search for alternative therapeutic options to treat such infections. The use of adjunctive therapy with(More)
BACKGROUND The intravenous use of polymyxins has been considered to be associated with considerable nephrotoxicity and neurotoxicity. For this reason, the systemic administration of polymyxins had been abandoned for about 20 years in most areas of the world. However, the problem of infections due to multidrug-resistant (MDR) Gram-negative bacteria such us(More)
BACKGROUND Admission of cancer patients with serious medical complications to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) remains controversial. The aim of this study was to examine the 30-day all-cause mortality in cancer patients with solid tumors admitted to the ICU and to identify factors predicting 30-day mortality. PATIENTS AND METHODS A retrospective study was(More)
The role of positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) in the postoperative course of cardiac surgery patients remains questionable. In this prospective study, we examined the effect of different levels of PEEP on arterial oxygenation, SvO2 and PvO2 values, and on haemodynamic indices, during the early postoperative period in cardiac surgery patients. Upon(More)
The frequency of surgical site infections (SSIs) after clean neck surgery is low and antibiotic prophylaxis is not recommended. This retrospective study investigated the effect of perioperative prophylactic antimicrobial therapy on the development of infections. A total of 807 consecutive patients undergoing clean neck surgery were included in the study.(More)
UNLABELLED We hypothesized that combined McCoy-balloon laryngoscopy may facilitate airway management relative to McCoy or balloon laryngoscopy. In 10 anesthetized/paralyzed patients with prior intubation difficulty scale scores of >5, McCoy-balloon laryngoscopy versus conventional/balloon/McCoy laryngoscopies resulted in greater laryngeal aperture exposure(More)
Intr The hemodynamic effects of laryngoscopy and endotracheal intubation are well known. A variety of drugs, like fentanyl, esmolol and lately dexmetomidine, have been used in order to attenuate the stress response to laryngoscopy and endotracheal intubation. Esmolol is an ultrashort acting beta 1 selective adrenergic antagonist, while dexmetomidine is an(More)
Introduction Patients under mechanical ventilation in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) require sedation in order to facilitate ventilator and endotracheal tube tolerance. The sedative agent that must be used should not interfere with early extubation of patients. Midazolam is a benzodiazepine, a common sedative agent used in the ICU, while dexmetomidine is an(More)