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Little is known about the extent to which reverberation affects speech intelligibility by cochlear implant (CI) listeners. Experiment 1 assessed CI users' performance using Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) sentences corrupted with varying degrees of reverberation. Reverberation times of 0.30, 0.60, 0.80, and 1.0 s were used. Results(More)
In this paper, we evaluate the performance of existing and new objective measures in terms of predicting the quality of reverberant speech and speech enhanced by dereverberation algorithms. We use subjective quality ratings designed to evaluate the quality of speech along three dimensions: speech coloration, reverberation tail effect and overall speech(More)
The purpose of this study is to determine the relative impact of reverberant self-masking and overlap-masking effects on speech intelligibility by cochlear implant listeners. Sentences were presented in two conditions wherein reverberant consonant segments were replaced with clean consonants, and in another condition wherein reverberant vowel segments were(More)
—This paper addresses the blind separation of convo-lutive and temporally correlated mixtures of speech, through the use of a multichannel blind deconvolution (MBD) method. In the proposed framework (LP-NGA), spatio-temporal separation is carried out by entropy maximization using the well-known natural gradient algorithm (NGA), while a temporal(More)
To restore hearing sensation, cochlear implants deliver electrical pulses to the auditory nerve by relying on sophisticated signal processing algorithms that convert acoustic inputs to electrical stimuli. Although individuals fitted with cochlear implants perform well in quiet, in the presence of background noise, the speech intelligibility of cochlear(More)
Bilateral cochlear implants seek to restore the advantages of binaural hearing by improving access to binaural cues. Bilateral implant users are currently fitted with two processors, one in each ear, operating independent of one another. In this work, a different approach to bilateral processing is explored based on blind source separation (BSS) by(More)
In this letter we propose a novel approach for two-microphone enhancement of speech corrupted by reverberation. Our approach steers computational resources to filter coefficients having the largest impact on the error surface and therefore only updates a subset of coefficients in every iteration. Experimental results carried out in a realistically(More)
In this paper, we present a novel coherence-based dual-microphone noise reduction approach and show how the proposed technique can capitalize on the small microphone spacing in order to suppress coherent noise present inside a realistic reverberant environment. Listening tests with normal-hearing subjects conducted in a two-microphone array configuration,(More)