Kostas Antoniades

Learn More
The bifid condyle is a rather uncommon condition that is diagnosed radiographically. Its etiology is unknown, although the most tenable theory is that it is of traumatic origin. The purpose of this article is to report a new case of a bilateral bifid condyle (the left one manifested a trifid appearance) and to review the relevant literature.
Although the sphenoid sinuses can be identified in sections of the fetus at 4 months, at birth the sinus remains small and is little more than an evagination of the sphenoethmoid recess. After the 3rd year, invasion of the sphenoid bone is more rapid, and by the age of 7, the sinus has extended posteriorly to the level of the sella turcica. By the age of(More)
Chronic idiopathic hyperphosphatasemia, or juvenile Paget disease is a very rare syndrome that is characterized by fragile bones, bowing deformities, shortness of stature, large head, premature loss of teeth, radiographic evidence of expanded osteoporotic long bones with coarse trabeculations, and widened bones of the skull. Increased levels of serum(More)
Hajdu-Cheney syndrome (acro-osteolysis) is a rare disorder of bone metabolism characterized by progressive lytic lesions in a number of bones. Constant features of this condition include an osteoporotic skeleton, acro-osteolysis, and a shortened lower third of face. The purpose of this report was to focus on the craniofacial and oral manifestations of the(More)
Kaposi's sarcoma is classified into 4 types: classic (sporadic), African (endemic), iatrogenic (transplant recipients), and epidemic (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome [AIDS]-associated). This article aims to feature a comprehensive review of non-AIDS Kaposi's sarcoma, including literature review and report of 3 cases. Case material was from our hospital's(More)
Sagittal or vertical fractures of the mandibular condyle and chip fractures of the medial part of the condylar head are very rare entities and their identification is difficult with conventional radiographs. We report a case of a unilateral bifid mandibular condyle which resulted following a sagittal condylar fracture. This was associated with a chip(More)
A 47-year-old man sustained fractures of the left orbita and zygomatic bone after a fall. He was advised to visit an oral and maxillofacial department for more detailed evaluation and treatment, but ignored the advice. Four days later, after sneezing and blowing his nose, he presented severe exophthalmos, diplopia, and reduction of vision. Two days after(More)
Angiogenesis and the acquisition of an angiogenic phenotype is important for cancer cell proliferation. Copper in an essential trace element that participates in many enzymatic complexes like the cytochrome c, superoxide dismutase and lysyl oxidase and it is involved in processes, like embryogenesis, growth, angiogenesis and carcinogenesis. In particular,(More)
The lip is estimated to be the most frequent location for carcinoma of the oral cavity. It occurs more frequently in men, especially those with a history of exposure to sunlight. Despite the usually effective management, regional and occasionally distant metastases do occur, especially in advanced stages. In this retrospective analysis of patients with(More)