Kosta Alexiou

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Endothelin-1 (ET-1), a potent vasoconstrictor and mitogen, is upregulated in pulmonary tissue during endotoxemia and contributes markedly to endotoxin-induced pulmonary hypertension. It is, however, unknown whether the ET receptors, ET(A) and ET(B), are differentially regulated in endotoxemic pulmonary vasculature and how this may impact on pulmonary(More)
OBJECTIVES We investigated whether endogenous pulmonary big endothelin has arrhythmogenic properties under normal conditions and in heritable hyperlipidemia. BACKGROUND Endothelin (ET), one of the most potent vasoconstrictors, is known to induce ventricular arrhythmias. It is unclear, however, whether its precursor, big endothelin, released from the lung,(More)
We investigated the mechanism of antithrombin III-induced vascular release of endothelins in rat isolated lung. The antithrombin III-stimulated release of big endothelin-1 and endothelin-1 (1.7-fold and 1.3-fold over baseline) was abolished by nicardipine (L-type Ca2+ channel blocker), heparin, and N-acetyl heparin (a derivative devoid of antithrombin(More)
OBJECTIVES Myocardial ischemia plays a central role in the development of right ventricular failure after acute pulmonary embolism. This study investigates whether pulmonary mediators act specifically on coronary tone and cardiac contractile function in acute pulmonary microembolization and whether such effects are altered in the case of early systemic(More)
OBJECTIVES Antithrombin (AT) III reduces lung damage in animal models of septic acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), which is generally attributed to stimulation of endothelial prostacyclin synthesis. However, clinical studies have failed so far to demonstrate mortality reduction by application of AT III. We investigated whether AT III stimulates(More)
BACKGROUND Lung tissue produces a variety of mediators; however, little is known regarding how these mediators affect coronary regulation and myocardial contractility. In a novel rabbit lung-heart model, we investigated the possible influence exerted by pulmonary mediators on coronary tone both under normal conditions and in early endothelial dysfunction.(More)
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