Kost V. Elisevich

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Cross-correlation between a trigger-averaged event-related potential (ERP) template and continuous electrocorticogram was used to detect movement-related ERP's. The accuracy of ERP detection for the five best subjects (of 17 studied), had hit percentages >90% and false positive percentages <10%. These cases were considered appropriate for operation of a(More)
A schwannoma arising from the dorsum of the pontomedullary junction and presenting as an exophytic mass in the fourth ventricle is described. A ventricular schwannoma has not previously been reported in the literature. The presenting clinical and radiographic features and the pathology of this tumor are summarized, and an explanation is sought for its(More)
The hippocampus has been the primary region of interest in the preoperative imaging investigations of mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (mTLE). Hippocampal imaging and electroencephalographic features may be sufficient in several cases to declare the epileptogenic focus. In particular, hippocampal atrophy, as appreciated on T1-weighted (T1W) magnetic resonance(More)
The output of the basal ganglia is directed through the entopeduncular nucleus (EPN) and the substantia nigra pars reticulata (SNR) and pars lateralis (SNL), which provide a gamma-aminobutyric acidergic (GABAergic) projection to various nuclei of the thalamus and brainstem. Although many neurons within the SNR and EPN have been described as modality(More)
PURPOSE This study examines whether magnetoencephalographic (MEG) coherence imaging is more sensitive than the standard single equivalent dipole (ECD) model in lateralizing the site of epileptogenicity in patients with drug-resistant temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). METHODS An archival review of ECD MEG analyses of 30 presurgical patients with TLE was(More)
The hippocampus has become the focus of research in several neurodegenerative disorders. Automatic segmentation of this structure from magnetic resonance (MR) imaging scans of the brain facilitates this work. Segmentation techniques must be evaluated using a dataset of MR images with accurate hippocampal outlines generated manually. Manual segmentation is(More)
The globus pallidus external segment forms a major target center of the mammalian striatum which is characterized by neurochemically distinct compartments. The present study was undertaken to determine if a corresponding compartmentalization exists within the globus pallidus external segment in the rat. Immunocytochemical examination of the calcium-binding(More)
The mammalian neostriatum is divisible into neurochemically and cytoarchitectonically distinct striosome and matrix compartments. This compartmentalization is respected by many afferent and efferent projections of the striatum. The distribution of distinct types of neuroactive substances and receptors and the unique connections of the striosome and matrix(More)
The study presented here is part of an ongoing effort to develop a direct brain interface based on detection of event-related potentials (ERPs). In a study presented in a companion article, averaged ERP templates were identified from electrocorticograms recorded during repetition of voluntary motor actions. Here the authors report on the detection of(More)
In an attempt to identify genetic alterations occurring early in astrocytoma progression, we performed subtractive hybridization between astrocytoma and glioblastoma cDNA libraries. We identified secreted protein acidic and rich in cysteine (SPARC), a protein implicated in cell-matrix interactions, as a gene overexpressed early in progression. Northern blot(More)