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The mammalian neostriatum is divisible into neurochemically and cytoarchitectonically distinct striosome and matrix compartments. This compartmentalization is respected by many afferent and efferent projections of the striatum. The distribution of distinct types of neuroactive substances and receptors and the unique connections of the striosome and matrix(More)
PURPOSE This study examines whether magnetoencephalographic (MEG) coherence imaging is more sensitive than the standard single equivalent dipole (ECD) model in lateralizing the site of epileptogenicity in patients with drug-resistant temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). METHODS An archival review of ECD MEG analyses of 30 presurgical patients with TLE was(More)
The hippocampus has been the primary region of interest in the preoperative imaging investigations of mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (mTLE). Hippocampal imaging and electroencephalographic features may be sufficient in several cases to declare the epileptogenic focus. In particular, hippocampal atrophy, as appreciated on T1-weighted (T1W) magnetic resonance(More)
Vascularization and microvascular permeability were assessed in a comparative study of solid (organized) and cell-suspension (dissociated) fetal nigral grafts implanted in the dopamine-deprived striatum of adult rats. Both graft types were analyzed by chromogen detection of intravenously injected horseradish peroxidase (HRP), which outlined vessel walls,(More)
The filtering of sensory information, also referred to as "sensory gating", is impaired in various neuropsychiatric diseases. In the auditory domain, sensory gating is investigated mainly as a response decrease of the auditory evoked potential component P50 from one click to the second in a double-click paradigm. In order to relate deficient sensory gating(More)
The substantia nigra receives a strong GABAergic input from the ipsilateral striatum and globus pallidus. Nigral GABAergic synaptic interactions have been described in the pars compacta (SNC) and pars reticulata (SNR) but not in the pars lateralis (SNL). The SNR and particularly the SNL are the nodal points of the GABAergic nigrotectal pathway. The present(More)
Cross-correlation between a trigger-averaged event-related potential (ERP) template and continuous electrocorticogram was used to detect movement-related ERP's. The accuracy of ERP detection for the five best subjects (of 17 studied), had hit percentages >90% and false positive percentages <10%. These cases were considered appropriate for operation of a(More)
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS The purpose of the study was to determine the effect of electrical stimulation of the auditory cortex in patients with tinnitus. STUDY DESIGN Nonrandomized clinical trial. METHODS Two patients with debilitating tinnitus refractory to conventional therapies were treated. Patients were evaluated with validated questionnaires and(More)
The study presented here is part of an ongoing effort to develop a direct brain interface based on detection of event-related potentials (ERPs). In a study presented in a companion article, averaged ERP templates were identified from electrocorticograms recorded during repetition of voluntary motor actions. Here the authors report on the detection of(More)
Functional imaging techniques have demonstrated a relationship between the intensity of tinnitus and the degree of reorganization of the primary auditory cortex. Studies in experimental animals and humans have revealed that tinnitus is associated with a synchronized hyperactivity in the auditory cortex and proposed that the underlying pathophysiological(More)