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The output of the basal ganglia is directed through the entopeduncular nucleus (EPN) and the substantia nigra pars reticulata (SNR) and pars lateralis (SNL), which provide a gamma-aminobutyric acidergic (GABAergic) projection to various nuclei of the thalamus and brainstem. Although many neurons within the SNR and EPN have been described as modality(More)
The hippocampus has been the primary region of interest in the preoperative imaging investigations of mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (mTLE). Hippocampal imaging and electroencephalographic features may be sufficient in several cases to declare the epileptogenic focus. In particular, hippocampal atrophy, as appreciated on T1-weighted (T1W) magnetic resonance(More)
The coverage of large surface areas of the brain for electrographic monitoring purposes necessitates a craniotomy to achieve comprehensive sampling. We undertook a review and prospective analysis over 3 years of 38 patients undergoing craniotomy for electrode implantation. The indication for invasive monitoring was to determine candidacy for resective(More)
Cross-correlation between a trigger-averaged event-related potential (ERP) template and continuous electrocorticogram was used to detect movement-related ERP's. The accuracy of ERP detection for the five best subjects (of 17 studied), had hit percentages >90% and false positive percentages <10%. These cases were considered appropriate for operation of a(More)
In an attempt to identify genetic alterations occurring early in astrocytoma progression, we performed subtractive hybridization between astrocytoma and glioblastoma cDNA libraries. We identified secreted protein acidic and rich in cysteine (SPARC), a protein implicated in cell-matrix interactions, as a gene overexpressed early in progression. Northern blot(More)
PURPOSE This study examines whether magnetoencephalographic (MEG) coherence imaging is more sensitive than the standard single equivalent dipole (ECD) model in lateralizing the site of epileptogenicity in patients with drug-resistant temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). METHODS An archival review of ECD MEG analyses of 30 presurgical patients with TLE was(More)
A schwannoma arising from the dorsum of the pontomedullary junction and presenting as an exophytic mass in the fourth ventricle is described. A ventricular schwannoma has not previously been reported in the literature. The presenting clinical and radiographic features and the pathology of this tumor are summarized, and an explanation is sought for its(More)
Vascularization and microvascular permeability were assessed in a comparative study of solid (organized) and cell-suspension (dissociated) fetal nigral grafts implanted in the dopamine-deprived striatum of adult rats. Both graft types were analyzed by chromogen detection of intravenously injected horseradish peroxidase (HRP), which outlined vessel walls,(More)
The hippocampus has become the focus of research in several neurodegenerative disorders. Automatic segmentation of this structure from magnetic resonance (MR) imaging scans of the brain facilitates this work. Segmentation techniques must be evaluated using a dataset of MR images with accurate hippocampal outlines generated manually. Manual segmentation is(More)