Koshiro Nishimoto

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CONTEXT Aldosterone synthase (CYP11B2) and steroid 11 beta-hydroxylase (CYP11B1) catalyze the terminal steps for aldosterone and cortisol syntheses, respectively, thereby determining the functional differentiation of human adrenocortical cells. Little is known, however, about how the cells expressing the enzymes are actually distributed in the adrenals(More)
CONTEXT Primary aldosteronism is a heterogeneous disease that includes both sporadic and familial forms. A point mutation in the KCNJ5 gene is responsible for familial hyperaldosteronism type III. Somatic mutations in KCNJ5 also occur in sporadic aldosterone producing adenomas (APA). OBJECTIVE The objective of the study was to define the effect of the(More)
A 62-year-old female patient had occasional bleeding from a mass in the urethral meatus. She had been conservatively treated with steroid ointment at another hospital for 1 year, but the bleeding had persisted. The patient was therefore referred for further treatment. A reddish mass, measuring 5 mm in diameter was noted at the posterior lip of the urethral(More)
CONTEXT We previously reported that the human adrenal cortex remodels to form subcapsular aldosterone-producing cell clusters (APCCs). Some APCCs were recently found to carry aldosterone-producing adenoma (APA)-associated somatic mutations in ion channel/pump genes, which implied that APCCs produce aldosterone autonomously and are an origin of APA. However,(More)
CONTEXT Somatic mutations in genes that influence cell entry of calcium have been identified in aldosterone-producing adenomas (APAs) of adrenal cortex in primary aldosteronism (PA). Many adrenal glands removed for suspicion of APA do not contain a single adenoma but nodular hyperplasia. OBJECTIVE The objective of the study was to assess multinodularity(More)
Three potassium channels have been associated with primary aldosteronism (PA) in rodents and humans: KCNK3 (TASK-1), KCNK9 (TASK-3), and KCNJ5 (Kir3.4). Mice with deficiency in Kcnk3 and Kcnk9 have elevated aldosterone production and blood pressure. In humans, adrenal tumors with somatic mutations in KCNJ5 cause PA. However, there are very few reports on(More)
Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) comprise one of the largest subgroups in the TGF-β ligand superfamily. We have identified a functional BMP system equipped with the ligand (BMP4), receptors (BMP type II receptor, BMP type IA receptor, also called ALK3) and the signaling proteins, namely the mothers against decapentaplegic homologs 1, 4, and 5 in the human(More)
Renal myxomas are rare neoplasms. Only three cases have been convincingly diagnosed as renal myxoma. Here we report an additional case. The case was a 36-year-old man and he was discovered incidentally at the regular health-check for chronic hepatitis B. Computed tomography showed 8 cm low-density tumor in the lower pole of the left kidney. The tumor was(More)
We report a case of non-familial juvenile primary aldosteronism (PA). Super-selective adrenal venous sampling identified less aldosterone production in the right inferior adrenal segment than others. Bilateral adrenalectomy sparing the segment normalized blood pressure and improved PA. Both adrenals had similar histologies, consisting of a normal adrenal(More)
We encountered a case of seminoma arising from an intra-abdominal cryptorchidism associated with ipsilateral renal agenesis. A 42-year-old male patient was referred to this hospital with a complaint of right upper abdominal distention with pain. Radiologic examination demonstrated a right retroperitoneal mass, 12 cm in diameter, while the ipsilateral kidney(More)