Koshiro Nishikuni

Learn More
OBJECTIVE The brain sulci constitute the main microanatomic delimiting landmarks and surgical corridors of modern microneurosurgery. Because of the frequent difficulty in intraoperatively localizing and visually identifying the brain sulci with assurance, the main purpose of this study was to establish cortical/sulcal key points of primary(More)
Hydrocephalus is an entity which embraces a variety of diseases whose final result is the enlarged size of cerebral ventricular system, partially or completely. The physiopathology of hydrocephalus lies in the dynamics of circulation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). The consequent CSF stasis in hydrocephalus interferes with cerebral and ventricular system(More)
Foraminal and extra-foraminal disc herniations comprise up to 11.7% of all lumbar disc herniations. Facetectomy, which had been the classic approach, is now recognized as cause of pain and instability after surgery. Otherwise, posterior lateral approaches through a trans-muscular or a para-muscular technique offer no significant damage to key structures for(More)
BACKGROUND A recent randomized clinical trial named Management of Myelomeningocele Study (MOMS trial) showed that prenatal correction of open spina bifida (OSB) via open fetal surgery was associated with improved infant neurological outcomes relative to postnatal repair, but at the expense of increased maternal morbidity. OBJECTIVE We sought to report the(More)
OBJECT The surface of the developing fetal brain undergoes significant morphological changes during fetal growth. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the morphological development of the brain sulci from the fetal to the early postnatal period. METHODS Two hundred fourteen brain hemispheres from 107 human brain specimens were examined to evaluate(More)
We sought a simple and accurate method to monitor neonatal hydrocephalic infants using standard computed tomographic scans. Volume measurements were made by means of pixel counting using a personal computer and a drawing device, as a graphic tablet system, over computed tomographic scans of six infants with neonatal hydrocephalus and four age-matched(More)
Acquired arachnoid cysts of the spinal cord are uncommon causes of spinal cord compression in the pediatric group. Meningitis, trauma and hemorrhage are considered to be causative or contributing factors. Interestingly, no spinal arachnoid cysts have been reported in patients after subarachnoid hemorrhage or meningitis, conditions expected to cause(More)
Shunting is fundamental in neurosurgical practice and a large number of patients experience shunt dysfunction throughout life. The Seldinger technique seems to be a valuable tool in the management of dysfunctions and consists of coagulating the choroid plexus before shunt removal. We report the unique case of a neuroendoscopic view of choroid plexus(More)
Endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) is an established treatment for hydrocephalus and is an alternative method avoiding shunts and its complications. There is still controversy regarding the higher risk of failure in younger infants. NARF was a male preterm newborn of 33 weeks old, with Moebius syndrome and 1,800 grams at birth. Detailed neonatal(More)