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This study evaluated risk factors for end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and the prognostic significance of serum creatinine levels in a community-based mass screening. We used the registries of both community-based mass screening and chronic dialysis programs. In 1983, a total of 107,192 subjects over 18 years of age (51,122 men and 56,070 women) participated(More)
Under standardized conditions, we determined circadian urinary excretion of sodium (Na) and free dopamine (DA), norepinephrine (NE) and epinephrine (E) in 20 normotensive, 20 borderline hypertensive and 10 mild hypertensive middle-aged men. The 24-hour excretions of water, Na, DA, NE and E were comparable between the normotensives and the hypertensives. In(More)
BACKGROUND The prognosis of chronic dialysis patients is poor, in part due to the high incidence of cardiovascular disease. Malnutrition, such as hypoalbuminaemia, has been shown to be a predictor of death in this group of patients, while serum C-reactive protein (CRP) is a predictor of myocardial infarction and sudden death. Thus, the aim of the present(More)
BACKGROUND Stroke is one of the leading causes of death in chronic dialysis patients. However, few epidemiological studies have reported on the demographics and long-term prognosis after stroke. METHODS We have observed the occurrence of stroke in the chronic dialysis population for the past 10 years in Okinawa, Japan. Definite cases of stroke were(More)
The prognostic significance of abnormal findings has not been demonstrated in a setting of mass screening. To evaluate the relative risk of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) indicated by various results of community-based mass screening, we utilized the registries of both community mass screening and chronic dialysis programs. In 1983, a total of 107,192(More)
To identify the risk factors of stroke in patients receiving maintenance hemodialysis, we conducted a prospective study on patients in Okinawa, Japan. Patients with end-stage renal disease who were treated with maintenance hemodialysis before the end of 1990 and were alive on January 1, 1991 (N = 1,243) were studied. Medical records and pertinent data as of(More)
We retrospectively surveyed all of the available medical records of 404 (191 females and 213 males) chronic dialysis patients, of whom 16 (4%) had insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) and 388 (96%) non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM). The patients were among 2,214 dialysis patients in Okinawa, Japan, of whom 443 were diabetic. The patients(More)
BACKGROUND Prospective and case-control studies show that blood-pressure variability is an independent risk factor for severe organ damage and cardiovascular events in hypertensives. We prospectively studied the association between systolic blood pressure variability and cardiovascular mortality and mortality from all causes in end-stage renal disease(More)
One-half of the total deaths in chronic dialysis patients are due to cardiovascular disease; however, the precise incidence and relative risk of those compared to normals are not known. Therefore, we sought to determine the annual incidence of cardiovascular disease and relative risk of those on chronic dialysis to the general population. Both the general(More)
Larger variability of office blood pressure (BP) was reportedly associated with a higher risk of stroke or mortality from all causes. In the present study, we focused on the relationship of variability of office BP and occurrence of acute myocardial infarction (MI). We registered 139 patients receiving antihypertensive therapy for more than 1 year who(More)