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The amino acid sequence of a single polypeptide chain, B-4, from fowl feather barbs has been determined. The B-4 chain was found to consist of 96 amino acid residues and to have a molecular weight of 10206 in the S-carboxymethylated form. The N terminus of this protein was an N-acetylserine residue. The B-4 protein contained seven S-carboxymethylcysteine(More)
The nonallosteric and allosteric L-lactate dehydrogenases of Lactobacillus pentosus and L. casei, respectively, exhibited broad substrate specificities, giving virtually the same maximal reaction velocity and substrate K(m) values for pyruvate and oxaloacetate. Replacement of Pro101 with Asn reduced the activity of the L. pentosus enzyme toward these(More)
Vascular endothelial cell growth factor (VEGF) plays an important role in the processes of angiogenesis. Angiogenesis appears to be essential for the growth of solid tumors and their metastasis. VEGF plays a principal role in tumor angiogenesis. To identify a compound that inhibits the binding of VEGF to its receptor, we used a high-throughput screening(More)
It was found that thioglycolic acid prevents destruction of tryptophan during rapid hydrolysis of protein with a trifluoroacetic acid/HCl mixture (1:2, v/v) at 166 degrees C for 25 or 50 min. The addition of 5% (v/v) thioglycolic acid gave the maximum tryptophan recovery (88.3%) for a 25-min hydrolysate of lysozyme. Tryptophan recoveries varied slightly(More)
For the chemotaxonomic classification of actinomycetes, we developed a new method for the detection of the 2, 6-diaminopimelic acid (A(2)pm) stereoisomers and 3-hydroxy diaminopimelic acid (3-OH A(2)pm) in the cell wall peptidoglycan of actinomycetes using "the advanced Marfey's method", which consists of a chromatographic technique for the separation of(More)
The amino-acid sequence of 96 residues in the N-terminal region of rat pepsinogen I was determined and the first 46 residues were found to constitute the activation peptide segment. There was high degree of homology between the activation segments of rat pepsinogen and some pepsinogens A (pig, cow, Japanese monkey and human). However, the number of residues(More)
We demonstrated that the rox gene of Nocardia farcinica encodes a rifampicin monooxygenase capable of converting rifampicin to a new compound 2'-N-hydroxy-4-oxo-rifampicin with a markedly lowered antibiotic activity. The deletion mutation (Deltarox) of the rox gene gave no significant influence to the rifampicin resistance of N. farcinica. However,(More)
Seeking neutral sphingomyelinase inhibitors, we designed and synthesized hydrolytically stable analogues of sphingomyelin. These novel analogues replace the phosphodiester moiety of sphingomyelin with carbamate and urea moiety, resulting in inhibition of neutral sphingomyelinase. Compound 1 prevented ceramide generation and apoptotic neuronal cell death in(More)
To search for neutral sphingomyelinase inhibitors we designed and synthesized hydrolytically stable analogues of sphingomyelin. The novel compounds 8 and 9 which were replaced the phosphodiester moiety of sphingomyelin with the carbamate moiety showed inhibitory activity with an IC(50) value of micro M on neutral sphingomyelinase in rat brain microsomes.(More)
A unique acid proteinase was purified from rat gastric mucosa by DEAE-Sepharose CL-6B chromatography, gel filtration and isoelectric focusing. The purified enzyme was homogeneous by polyacrylamide disc gel electrophoresis. The molecular weight of the enzyme was estimated to be 86000 by gel filtration on a Sephadex G-100 column. In SDS-polyacrylamide gel(More)
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