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A new enzyme, NG, NG-dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase which plays a role in the metabolism of NG,NG-dimethyl-L-arginine, has been purified to homogeneity from rat kidney. The enzyme consists of a single polypeptide and its molecular weight is about 33,000. The isoelectric point of the enzyme is at pH 5.2. The enzyme catalyzes the hydrolytic(More)
Differentiation and survival of neurons induced by neurotrophins have been widely investigated, but little has been reported about the long-term effect of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) on synaptic transmission. Among many steps of neurotransmission, one important step is regulated release of transmitters. Therefore, the release of glutamate and(More)
In order to elucidate the biological role of NG,NG-dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase (EC, we prepared monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) against the enzyme from rat kidney and examined the distribution of the enzyme in rats. Four mAbs have been obtained by the fusion of the spleen cells from BALB/c mouse immunized with the sodium dodecyl(More)
An enzyme concerned with the degradation of NG,NG-dimethyl-L-arginine to L-citrulline was investigated in rats. The enzyme purified from rat kidney catalyzed the direct conversion of NG,NG-dimethyl-L-arginine to L-citrulline with liberation of dimethylamine from the methylated guanidino moiety. The reaction required no co-factor and the maximum activity was(More)
The metabolic fates of NG,NG-and NG,N'G-dimethylarginines in rats were investigated isotopically and novel metabolites, alpha-keto-delta-(N,N-dimethylguanidino)-and alpha-keto-delta-(N,N'-dimethylguanidino)valeric acids and gamma-(N,N-dimethylguanidino)-and gamma-(N,N'-dimethylguanidino)butyric acids were identified. In the case of the rats injected with(More)
The free amino acid profile of the fruiting bodies of Pleurotus ostreatus was studied in detail. The first evidence for the occurrence of N delta-acetyl-L-ornithine in the mushroom was presented, and 33 ninhydrin-positive compounds were determined, besides N delta-acetyl-L-ornithine. Alanine, glutamic acid, valine, glutamine, glycine and leucine were(More)
Dimethylarginine:pyruvate aminotransferase, which plays a role in the metabolism of dimethylarginines, has been purified to homogeneity from rat kidney. The enzyme has a molecular weight of approximately 200,000 and an isoelectric point at about pH 6.3. The enzyme consists of four similar subunits having a molecular weight of about 50,000. The enzyme(More)
The IgE-binding proteins in soybeans were characterized by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of the fractionated soybean proteins probed with the sera of the patients with atopic dermatitis. About 20% of the patients examined were shown to have specific IgE antibodies to soybean proteins. At least 16 soybean proteins with molecular(More)
The effects of neurotrophic factor on the expression of neuropeptide Y (NPY) mRNA and on morphology of NPY-immunoreactive neurons were investigated. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) increased the expression of NPY mRNA in cultured cortical neurons from both embryonic and postnatal rats. BDNF also increased the number of NPY neurons. Furthermore,(More)