Kosaku Yamaoka

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 Morphological differences in body shape of two sympatric benthophagous cichlid species from Lake Malawi, Ctenopharynx pictus and an undescribed species, Otopharynx sp. “heterodon nankhumba,” were investigated using geometric morphometric methods. From digitized data of landmark points on lateral profiles of fishes, the shape of each species was compared by(More)
Differences in color patterns have been the most used feature in describing cichlid species belonging to genus Petrotilapia from Lake Malawi. In this study, we quantified morphological variation in body shape within and among three coexisting Petrotilapia species using landmark-based geometric morphometric methods. Statistic analyses revealed significant(More)
Climate change is resulting in rapid poleward shifts in the geographical distribution of tropical and subtropical fish species. We can expect that such range shifts are likely to be limited by species-specific resource requirements, with temperate rocky reefs potentially lacking a range of settlement substrates or specific dietary components important in(More)
The apparent inter-lake morphological similarity among East African Great Lakes' cichlid species/genera has left evolutionary biologists asking whether such similarity is due to sharing of common ancestor or mere convergent evolution. In order to answer such question, we first used Geometric Morphometrics, GM, to quantify morphological similarity and then(More)
Cynotilapia’s unicuspid teeth, a unique character used to delineate it from all other mbuna genera, leaves evolutionary biologists wondering which is the closest relative to this genus among mbuna cichlids. This genus has only two described species out of the 10-13 species/taxa, whereby the undescribed taxa are either known by their colouration or place(More)
Behavioral laterality is widely found among vertebrates, but has been little studied in aquatic invertebrates. We examined behavioral laterality in attacks on prey shrimp by the cuttlefish, Sepia lycidas, and correlated this to their morphological asymmetry. Behavioral tests in the laboratory revealed significant individual bias for turning either clockwise(More)
Tropical reef corals are expanding on Japanese temperate coasts in response to rising sea surface temperatures, and many tropical fish juveniles have been observed routinely in these coral habitats. The present study explored how offshore tropical fish larvae locate coral habitat on the temperate coasts of Japan. Settlement-stage larvae were sampled between(More)
Combtooth blennies (Blenniidae) have a wide array of diets, including coral polyps, fish scales/mucus/rays, and detritus. However, there is limited knowledge about the diet of some species. We described the diet of 30 blenny species from subtidal, intertidal, or supralittoral habitats in Kochi (warm temperate) and Okinawa (tropical), Japan. Cluster analysis(More)
The developmental pattern of the vertebral column and caudal complex in juvenile (16.9 mm SL) to adult (112.2 mm SL)Parexocoetus mento mento is described Juvenile external caudal morphology was similar to the adult condition, although juveniles exhibited various internal ontogenetic changes. Osteological develoment was almost completed at 60–69 mm SL.(More)
Laterality has been studied in several vertebrates, mainly in terms of brain lateralization and behavioral laterality, but morphological asymmetry has not been extensively investigated. Asymmetry in fishes was first described in scale-eating cichlids from Lake Tanganyika, in the form of bilateral dimorphism in which some individuals, when opening their(More)