Kosaku Kinoshita

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OBJECTIVE Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) is elevated in some models of traumatic brain injury (TBI). However, it is unclear how TNFalpha messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) expression and protein levels are affected by injury severity and posttraumatic temperature modification. This study determined the regional and temporal profile of TNFalpha levels(More)
Traumatic injury to the brain and spinal cord results in an early inflammatory response that is initiated by the release of proinflammatory cytokines followed by the infiltration and accumulation of polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNLs). The role of the inflammatory cascade on traumatic outcome remains controversial. Pleiotropic cytokines appear to function(More)
INTRODUCTION The efficacy of repeated administration of vasopressin alone during prolonged cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) remains unconfirmed. This study was conducted to estimate the effectiveness of the repeated administration of vasopressin vs. epinephrine for cardiopulmonary arrest (CPA) patients receiving prolonged CPR. METHODS We conducted a(More)
We investigated the effects of low-dose eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) on the incidence and growth of 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene (DMBA)-induced mammary carcinoma in rats fed a high-fat (HF) diet. We also examined the effects of these treatments on the fatty acid composition of tumour and serum. Tumour incidence was(More)
We investigated the relation between Helix pomatia (HPA) staining of primary breast cancer and the presence of axillary (AX) or internal mammary (IM) metastases, and evaluated its predictive value for AX or IM metastases in comparison with the use of clinical variables. There was a significant association between the HPA staining and AX or IM metastases.(More)
We investigated the prognostic significance of Helix pomatia lectin (HPA) staining on disease-free and overall survival in 120 primary breast carcinomas. HPA staining was present in 58 (48%) of these carcinomas. It was significantly associated with axillary lymph node metastases (P < 0.001) and c-erbB-2 expression (P < 0.01). A univariate study revealed(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of posttraumatic hyperglycemia on contusion volume and neutrophil accumulation following moderate traumatic brain injury (TBI) in rats. A parasagittal fluid-percussion (F-P) brain injury (1.8-2.1 atm) was induced in male Sprague-Dawley rats. Rats were then randomized into four trauma groups (n = 7/group)(More)
BACKGROUND The alteration of brain extracellular glucose after enteral nutrition (EN) remains unclear. In this study, we used brain microdialysis methods to estimate whether the physiologic elevation of plasma glucose following EN affects brain glucose metabolism of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) patients. METHODS Brain extracellular glucose,(More)
OBJECTIVE Few studies have reported factors that result in a better neurological outcome in patients with postcardiac arrest syndrome (PCAS) following return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC). We investigated the factors affecting neurological outcome in terms of both prehospital care and treatments after arrival at hospital in patients with PCAS. METHODS(More)