Kosagi Sharaf Jagannatha Rao

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Aluminium, an environmentally abundant non-redox trivalent cation has long been implicated in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). However, the definite mechanism of aluminium toxicity in AD is not known. Evidence suggests that trace metal homeostasis plays a crucial role in the normal functioning of the brain, and any disturbance in it can(More)
BACKGROUND Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) topology plays a critical role in maintaining the integrity of the genome and cellular functions. Although changes in DNA conformation and structural dynamics in the brain have been associated with various neurological disorders, its precise role in the pathogenesis is still unclear. Previous studies from our(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disease with multiple etiologies. Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) accumulate in the aging brain and could be one of the reasons for age-related diseases like PD. Oxidative stress also leads to the formation of AGEs and may be involved in neurodegeneration by altering the properties of proteins.(More)
Previously, we evidenced a B → Z helical change in Alzheimer’s brain genomic DNA, leading to a hypothesis that Alzheimer’s disease (AD) etiological factors such as aluminum (Al), amyloid β (Aβ) peptide, and Tau might play a role in modulating DNA topology. In the present study, we investigated the interaction of Al and Aβ with DNA. Our results show that(More)
The primary cause(s) of neuronal death in most cases of neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease, are still unknown. However, the association of certain etiological factors, e.g., oxidative stress, protein misfolding/aggregation, redox metal accumulation and various types of damage to the genome, to pathological changes in(More)
The toxicity of α-synuclein in the neuropathology of Parkinson’s disease which includes its hallmark aggregation has been studied scrupulously in the last decade. Although little is known regarding the normal functions of α-synuclein, its association with membrane phospholipids suggests its potential role in signaling pathways. Following extensive evidences(More)
Lipid peroxidation induced by metals at sub-lethal levels, alter physiological and biochemical characteristics of biological systems. To counter the detrimental effects of the prooxidant activity of metals, a group of antioxidant enzyme systems function in the organisms. The present study was performed to investigate into the lipid peroxidation product(More)
Tau is mainly distributed in cytoplasm and also found to be localized in the nucleus. There is limited data on DNA binding potential of Tau. We provide novel evidence on nicking of DNA by Tau. Tau nicks the supercoiled DNA leading to open circular and linear forms. The metal ion magnesium (a co-factor for endonuclease) enhanced the Tau DNA nicking ability,(More)
Gamma-secretase is an aspartyl protease composed of four proteins: presenilin (PS), nicastrin (Nct), APH1, and PEN2. These proteins assemble into a membrane complex that cleaves a variety of substrates within the transmembrane domain. The gamma-secretase cleavage products play an important role in various biological processes such as embryonic development(More)