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A specific form for the internal representation of local surface orientation is proposed, which is similar to Gibson's (1950) "amount and direction of slant". Slant amount is usually quantified by the angle sigma between the surface normal and the line of sight (0 degrees less than or equal to sigma less than or equal to 90 degrees). Slant direction… (More)

Experiments are reported that involved spatial judgments of planar surfaces that had contradictory stereo and monocular information. Tasks included comparing the relative depths of two points on the depicted surface and judging the surface's apparent spatial orientation. It was found that for planar surfaces the 3D perception was dominated by the monocular… (More)

Apparent depth in stereograms exhibits various simultaneous-contrast and induction effects analogous to those reported in the luminance domain. This behavior suggests that stereo depth, like brightness, is reconstructed, ie recovered from higher-order spatial derivatives or differences of the original signal. The extent to which depth is analogous to… (More)

A study is reported of the perception of visual surfaces in wire-frame stimuli generated by combinations of monocular surface contours and binocular disparity that provide differing information about 3-D relief. Observers vary considerably in the relative contribution made by the binocular and monocular cues to the perception of overall 3-D form. Without… (More)

Texture gradients, systematic variations in image texture due to perspective projection of surface texture, provide information about the shape and disposition of surfaces relative to a viewer. Although this three-dimensional information is usually described in terms of mathematical relationships involving gradients of image properties (Cutting & Millard,… (More)

The Café Wall illusion is induced in part by the spatial filtering properties of circular-symmetric receptive fields at the retina, and in part by cortical processes, presumably that have elongated receptive fields. Two experiments are reported that address these two contributions. The first shows a reversal effect that is consistent with… (More)

- Muraari Vasudevan, Kory A. Stevens
- 2008

We study separability of the Hamilton-Jacobi and massive Klein-Gordon equations in the general Kerr-de Sitter spacetime in all dimensions. Complete separation of both equations is carried out in 2n+1 spacetime dimensions with all n rotation parameters equal, in which case the rotational symmetry group is enlarged from (U (1)) n to U (n). We explicitly… (More)

- Muraari Vasudevan, Kory A. Stevens
- 2005

We study the Hamilton-Jacobi and massive Klein-Gordon equations in the general Kerr-(Anti) de Sitter black hole background in all dimensions. Complete separation of both equations is carried out in cases when there are two sets of equal black hole rotation parameters. We analyze explicitly the symmetry properties of these backgrounds that allow for this… (More)

It is generally expected that depth (distance) is the internal representational primitive that corresponds to much of the perception of 3D. We tested this assumption in monocular surface stimuli that are devoid of distance information (due to orthographic projection and the chosen surface shape, with perspective projection used as a control) and yet are… (More)