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To evaluate the role in synaptic plasticity of ryanodine receptor type 3 (RyR3), which is normally enriched in hippocampal area CA1, we generated RyR3-deficient mice. Mutant mice exhibited facilitated CA1 long-term potentiation (LTP) induced by short tetanus (100 Hz, 100 ms) stimulation. Unlike LTP in wild-type mice, this LTP was not blocked bythe NMDA(More)
Markedly increased interleukin-6 (IL-6) mRNA levels occur in experimental cerebral ischemia, although the protein production and cellular sources of IL-6 remain unclear. We examined the cellular localization of IL-6 protein in gerbil brain following transient forebrain ischemia employing immunohistochemistry and Western blot analysis. The(More)
Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is pleiotropic cytokine involved in many central nervous system disorders including stroke, and elevated serum IL-6 has been found in acute stroke patients. IL-6 is implicated in the inflammation, which contributes to both injury and repair process after cerebral ischemia. However, IL-6 is one of the neurotrophic cytokines sharing a(More)
Sera from patients with myasthenia gravis (MG) were screened for autoantibodies to skeletal muscle-specific antigens by immunoprecipitation assay, using rhabdomyosarcoma and leukemia cell lines. Eleven of 61 MG sera immunoprecipitated a rhabdomyosarcoma-specific 70-kDa protein, which was identified as the voltage-gated K+ channel 1.4 (Kv1.4). This antibody(More)
The contribution of genetic factors to the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease (PD) is supported by the demonstration of the high concordance in twins studies using positron emission tomography (PET), the increased risk among relatives of PD patients in case-control and family studies, and the existence of familial PD and parkinsonism by single gene defect.(More)
This study evaluated the effect of music on the mood of women during exercise. 16 middle-aged women, aged 49.9 +/- 7.53 yr., performed 60-min. bench stepping exercise while listening to Japanese traditional folk song, aerobic dance music, or nonmusic. The subjects reported significantly less fatigue with aerobic dance music and Japanese traditional folk(More)
STUDY DESIGN The level of dorsal root ganglia that receives sensory afferent nerves from the anterior portion of the lower lumbar intervertebral disc was investigated in rats using a retrograde transport method. OBJECTIVES Sometimes patients with lower lumbar disc lesions complain of inguinal pain that does not correspond to the dermatome of the injured(More)
STUDY DESIGN The levels of dorsal root ganglia and paravertebral sympathetic ganglia innervating the lumbar facet joint were investigated in rats using the retrograde transport method. The pathways and functions of the nerve fibers supplying the lumbar facet joint were determined immunohistochemically. OBJECTIVES To study lumbar facet pain in relation to(More)
The inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (InsP3) receptor acts as an InsP3-gated Ca2+ release channel in a variety of cell types. Type 1 InsP3 receptor (IP3R1) is the major neuronal member of the IP3R family in the central nervous system, predominantly enriched in cerebellar Purkinje cells but also concentrated in neurons in the hippocampal CA1 region,(More)
This study examines the alteration of oligodendrocyte progenitor cells (OPCs), mature oligodendrocytes (OLGs) and myelination after focal ischemia in the rat brain. Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to 90-min occlusion of the middle cerebral artery, followed by reperfusion time of up to 2 weeks. The infarct core showed a rapid and progressive(More)