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Primary malignant melanoma of the esophagus (PMME) comprises only 0.1–0.2% of all malignant esophageal tumors. PMME tumors are highly aggressive and metastasize early via hematogenic and lymphatic pathways. Treatment outcome is poor because the cancer has often advanced at the time of diagnosis. Inoperability, unsuccessful treatment with radio-therapy and(More)
PURPOSE To determine the efficacy of intraoperative antibiotic use in irrigating solutions on aqueous humor contamination during phacoemulsification surgery and to evaluate the corresponding risk of postoperative endophthalmitis. METHODS 644 eyes of 640 patients who underwent phacoemulsification surgery with foldable intraocular lens (IOL) implantation(More)
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