Learn More
Purulent pericardial effusion, although rare, is a life-threatening condition usually produced by the extension of a nearby bacterial infection locus or by blood dissemination in the immune-suppressed subjects or in the course of cardiothoracic surgery. Because clinical features of purulent pericardial effusion are often nonspecific, it can cause delay in(More)
BACKGROUND Postoperative atrial fibrillation is one of the most common complications after coronary artery bypass grafting. This study aimed to identify preoperative histopathologic risk factors for the development of postoperative atrial fibrillation. METHODS One hundred elective coronary artery bypass grafting patients were enrolled into the study.(More)
OBJECTIVE Bleeding and allogeneic transfusion remain constant problems in cardiac surgical procedures. In this study, we aimed to test the role of a routine thromboelastography (TEG)-based algorithm on bleeding and transfusions in patients undergoing elective coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). METHODS Patients (n = 224) undergoing elective CABG with(More)
BACKGROUND Acute kidney injury is one of the most serious complications after cardiac surgery. Genetic polymorphisms are reported to be associated with postoperative renal impairment. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between selected gene polymorphisms and acute kidney injury after cardiac surgery. METHODS Two hundred forty-eight(More)
Thromboelastography is an alternative method to conventional coagulation tests for the general evaluation of hemostatic system. Cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass is accomplished by complex alterations of hemostasis, including acquired dysfunction of platelets, consumption coagulopathy and increased fibrinolysis. Despite major advances in blood(More)
OBJECTIVE Atrial fibrillation is one of the most common complications in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting. The goal of this study was to investigate the impact of high thoracic epidural anesthesia on reduction of perioperative arrhythmia in patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting. METHODS We prospectively randomized(More)
OBJECTIVE We retrospectively analyzed our experience in atrial septal defect repair with varied minimally invasive surgical approaches. METHODS From 1997 to 2006, 64 patients underwent surgical repair of atrial septal defects in our center. Patients were grouped into four groups according to the approach used; group 1 (n = 16), partial lower sternotomy;(More)
OBJECTIVES Spinal cord injury is a devastating complication after aortic surgery. The aim of the present study is to examine the effects of ischemic preconditioning (IPC) and nicotinamide containing perfusate in transient aortic occlusion in the rat. METHODS Thirty-two male Spraque-Dawley rats under general anesthesia were randomly assigned to four groups(More)
OBJECTIVE Current data suggest that individual genetic predisposition may influence the magnitude of cytokine response and the degree of organ dysfunction after cardiopulmonary bypass. Lipoprotein lipase S447X polymorphism has been shown to be protective against atherosclerosis. The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of lipoprotein lipase S447X(More)
In humans, thrombosis and neointimal hyperplasia are the major factors responsible for prosthetic graft occlusion. Previous studies suggest that the renin-angiotensin system is one of the key enzymes in the vascular system and has been implicated in the pathogenesis of thrombosis and neointimal hyperplasia. We conducted a case-control study to determine the(More)