Koon-Sea Hui

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Neurofibrillary tangles (NFT) containing tau are a hallmark of neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer's disease (AD). NFT burden correlates with cognitive decline and neurodegeneration in AD. However, little is known about mechanisms that protect against tau-induced neurodegeneration. We used a cross species functional genomic approach to analyze(More)
The major breakthrough discovery of enkephalins as endogenous opiates led our attempts to determine their inactivation mechanisms. Because the NH2-terminal tyrosine is absolutely necessary for the neuropeptides to exert analgesic effects, and aminopeptidase activities are extraordinarily high in the brain, a specific "amino-enkephalinase" should exist.(More)
Accumulation of neurotoxic hyperphosphorylated TAU protein is a major pathological hallmark of Alzheimer disease and other neurodegenerative dementias collectively called tauopathies. Puromycin-sensitive aminopeptidase (PSA/NPEPPS) is a novel modifier of TAU-induced neurodegeneration with neuroprotective effects via direct proteolysis of TAU protein. Here,(More)
A novel neutral aminopeptidase (NAP-2) was found exclusively in the rat central nervous system (CNS). It was separated from the ubiquitous puromycin-sensitive aminopeptidase (PSA) and the neuron-specific aminopeptidase (NAP) by an automated FPLC-aminopeptidase analyzer. The activity of the neuronal aminopeptidase enriched in the synaptosomes is different(More)
Neuron-specific aminopeptidase (NAP) and the ubiquitous puromycin-sensitive aminopeptidase (PSA) were compared in the rat hippocampus during early development. Hippocampus contains the highest amount of NAP determined by a fast-protein liquid chromatography-aminopeptidase analyzer using Leu beta-naphthylamide as substrate. Both enzymes were found in the(More)
Accumulation of misfolded neurotoxic Cu, Zn-superoxide dismutase-1 (SOD1) protein found in both familial and sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is recognized as an important contributing factor of neuronal cell death. However, little is known about the mechanisms controlling the accumulation and turnover of SOD1 protein. Puromycin-sensitive(More)
Reactivity to traumatic stress varies between individuals and only a minority of those exposed to trauma develops stress-induced psychopathologies. Currently extensive effort is made to unravel the specific mechanisms predisposing to vulnerability vs. resilience to stress. We investigated in rats the role of β-endorphin metabolism in vulnerability to acute(More)
Neuropeptides are formed from sedentary precursors to smaller, active peptides by processing enzymes cleaving at paired basic residues. The process generates peptide intermediates with additional Lys or Arg residues at their NH(2) and COOH termini; the N-terminal basic amino acids are later removed by specific aminopeptidases. We report here a novel(More)
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