Koo-Whang Chung

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BACKGROUND The Department of Health and Human Services National Blood Collection and Utilization Survey (NBCUS) has been conducted biennially since 1997. Data are used to estimate national blood collection and utilization. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS The 2013 Department of Health and Human Services NBCUS is a cross-sectional survey of all US blood collection(More)
In the United States, jail frequently disrupts access to HIV care. EnhanceLink, a 10-site demonstration project promoting linkage to HIV primary care upon jail discharge, offered an opportunity to gauge how many releasees had favorable clinical outcomes. Individual level data were available on 1270 participants. Persons never discharged from the(More)
Black individuals represent 13 % of the US population but 46 % of HIV positive persons and 40 % of incarcerated persons. The national EnhanceLink project evaluated characteristics of HIV-positive jail entrants at ten sites and explored associations between race and HIV disease state. Between 1/2008 and 10/2011, 1,270 study participants provided demographic(More)
A national recipient hemovigilance system was introduced in the United States in 2010, when voluntary enrollment began as part of the National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN) Hemovigilance Module. NHSN is a secure, Web-based surveillance system operated by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and used by US health care facilities to report a(More)
For >60 years, Zika virus (ZIKV) has been recognized as an arthropod-borne virus with Aedes species mosquitoes as the primary vector. However in the past 10 years, multiple alternative routes of ZIKV transmission have been identified. We review the available data on vector and non-vector-borne modes of transmission and interventions undertaken, to date, to(More)
BACKGROUND In 2011 and 2013, the National Blood Collection and Utilization Survey (NBCUS) revealed declines in blood collection and transfusion in the United States. The objective of this study was to describe blood services in 2015. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS The 2015 NBCUS was distributed to all US blood collection centers, all hospitals performing at(More)
Zika virus is a flavivirus transmitted primarily by Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus mosquitoes, and infection can be asymptomatic or result in an acute febrile illness with rash (1). Zika virus infection during pregnancy is a cause of microcephaly and other severe birth defects (2). Infection has also been associated with Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS)(More)
BACKGROUND In 2010, health care facilities in the United States began voluntary enrollment in the National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN) Hemovigilance Module. Participants report transfusion practices; red blood cell, platelet (PLT), plasma, and cryoprecipitate units transfused; and transfusion-related adverse reactions and process errors to the Centers(More)
Puerto Rico has been heavily impacted by Zika virus, a mosquitoborne flavivirus that emerged in the Americas during 2015. Although most persons with Zika virus show no symptoms, the virus can cause neurologic and other complications, including fetal microcephaly. Local Zika virus transmission in Puerto Rico has been reported since December 2015. To prevent(More)
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