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Using transcranial doppler ultrasonography, cerebral blood flow velocity was measured daily from both middle cerebral arteries in 121 patients who had suffered minor (n = 55), moderate (n = 16), or severe (n = 50) brain injury. Serial computed tomographic scans were performed to identify noncontusion-related infarction (NCI). Cerebral perfusion pressure was(More)
Middle cerebral artery blood flow velocity and jugular bulb venous oxygen saturation (SJO2) were measured by transcranial Doppler (TCD) ultrasonography and continuous venous oximetry, respectively, in 41 severely brain-injured patients. The purpose of the study was to examine the relationships between TCD flow velocity, SJO2, and alterations in blood(More)
Transcranial doppler measurements of blood flow velocity in the middle cerebral artery were made during treatment of raised intracranial pressure (ICP) in 22 patients with severe brain injury. Twenty patients also had continuous measurement of arterial and jugular bulb venous oxygen saturation (SJO2). The transcranial Doppler parameters studied included(More)
Adult meningitis caused by Flavobacterium meningosepticum is rare. Five cases have been reported in the literature. The case reported herein developed in a woman after a transsphenoidal hypophysectomy. The isolate was resistant to erythromycin. Treatment with oral rifampicin combined with intravenous chloramphenicol and cefoperazone resulted in complete(More)
Ischemia/reperfusion injury remains an untreated clinical problem in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) despite significant advances in emergent revascularization through percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Pharmacological intervention for infarct size reduction is unavailable. We have identified that the medications milrinone and(More)
Raised intracranial pressure (ICP) occurs at some time in 50-75% of severely head injured patients. Measurement of ICP alone is not sufficient. Arterial pressure must also be monitored: the important physiological variable is cerebral perfusion pressure. Detailed analysis of the ICP recording yields valuable information on the nature and cause of ICP, with(More)
Therapeutic agents for reducing raised intracranial pressure (ICP) may do so at the expense of reduced mean arterial pressure (MAP). As a consequence, cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) = (MAP - ICP) may not improve. It is unknown whether the level of MAP alters cerebral blood flow (CBF) when MAP and ICP change in parallel so that CPP remains constant. This(More)
Ischaemic brain damage is present in over 90% of patients suffering from fatal head injury. Early detection and treatment of ischemia may improve outcome after head trauma. Monitoring of blood flow velocity of the middle cerebral artery by noninvasive transcranial doppler ultrasound provides an alternate means of identifying cerebral ischaemia.
Although increased cerebral blood flow velocity is readily measured by transcranial doppler ultrasonography (TCD), the causes of the velocity elevation may differ. After severe head injury, increased blood flow velocity can develop both in patients with global hyperemia (suggestive of vasodilation) and in those without hyperemia (suggestive of vasospasm).(More)