Konstanze Reinhardt

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Cathepsin D is a ubiquitously expressed lysosomal protease that is involved in proteolytic degradation, cell invasion, and apoptosis. In mice and sheep, cathepsin D deficiency is known to cause a fatal neurodegenerative disease. Here, we report a novel disorder in a child with early blindness and progressive psychomotor disability. Two missense mutations in(More)
The neuronal ceroid lipofuscinoses (NCLs) are a group of inherited lysosomal storage diseases and the prototype of childhood onset neurodegenerative disorders. To date, 10 NCL entities (CLN1-CLN10) are known and characterized by accumulation of autofluorescent storage material, age of onset and clinical symptoms. CLN8 was first identified as the causative(More)
BACKGROUND Intrauterine exposure to alcohol may result in a distinct pattern of craniofacial abnormalities and central nervous system dysfunction, designated fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS). The spectrum of malformations of the brain associated with maternal alcohol abuse during pregnancy is much broader than the relatively uniform clinical phenotype of FAS.(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Pediatric multiple sclerosis (MS) clinical and incidence data have been reported for several countries but valid age dependent incidence data are not yet available. The true incidence of pediatric MS in Germany was estimated and the clinical characteristics at diagnosis according to the 2005 McDonald criteria are described. METHODS(More)
OBJECTIVE Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) is currently considered a severe relapsing CNS demyelinating disorder that is associated with aquaporin-4 immunoglobulin G (NMO-IgG) while in earlier reports of NMO in childhood it has been described as a benign and monophasic disorder. This study was performed to analyze the prevalence and the clinical course of NMO in(More)
Observations of extreme unilateral widening of Virchow-Robin spaces (VRS) are rare and hitherto confined to adult, mainly old-aged patients. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was performed in two unrelated boys aged 3 years with developmental coordination disorders. In one of these patients, follow-up MRI and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) were carried out 5(More)
In a female patient with an oedema of the leg as a result of deep phlebothrombosis, a great blister developed at the dorsum of the foot proximal to the site of injection following phlebography effected by paravasal contrast medium injection. The blister was transparent and contained clear, serous liquid. Skin necrosis developed at this site which took(More)