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Common variants at only two loci, FTO and MC4R, have been reproducibly associated with body mass index (BMI) in humans. To identify additional loci, we conducted meta-analysis of 15 genome-wide association studies for BMI (n > 32,000) and followed up top signals in 14 additional cohorts (n > 59,000). We strongly confirm FTO and MC4R and identify six(More)
To identify common variants influencing body mass index (BMI), we analyzed genome-wide association data from 16,876 individuals of European descent. After previously reported variants in FTO, the strongest association signal (rs17782313, P = 2.9 x 10(-6)) mapped 188 kb downstream of MC4R (melanocortin-4 receptor), mutations of which are the leading cause of(More)
Elevated blood pressure is a common, heritable cause of cardiovascular disease worldwide. To date, identification of common genetic variants influencing blood pressure has proven challenging. We tested 2.5 million genotyped and imputed SNPs for association with systolic and diastolic blood pressure in 34,433 subjects of European ancestry from the Global(More)
BACKGROUND LDL cholesterol has a causal role in the development of cardiovascular disease. Improved understanding of the biological mechanisms that underlie the metabolism and regulation of LDL cholesterol might help to identify novel therapeutic targets. We therefore did a genome-wide association study of LDL-cholesterol concentrations. METHODS We used(More)
 Tracheal occlusion in utero has been shown to cause accelerated fetal lung growth and is now being considered as a therapeutic modality for pulmonary hypoplasia. We report the effects of tracheal ligation on the surfactant-producing type II pneumocyte population. Three groups of fetal lambs underwent tracheal ligation of 2 weeks’, 4 weeks’ and 6 weeks’(More)
BACKGROUND The sensitivity and specificity of current antihuman tissue transglutaminase (tTG) IgA assays used to detect celiac disease reportedly approach 100%. In addition, the sensitivity of new generation deamidated gliadin peptide (alpha-DGP) antibody assays has also been reported to be similar to the tTG IgA assays. In routine clinical practice,(More)
General rights Copyright for the publications made accessible via the Edinburgh Research Explorer is retained by the author(s) and / or other copyright owners and it is a condition of accessing these publications that users recognise and abide by the legal requirements associated with these rights. Abstract Elevated blood pressure is a common, heritable(More)
Although incompetent thigh perforating veins are considered to be a common cause of recurrence of varicose veins after high saphenous ligation, the number and distribution of such incompetent veins have not been reported. The aim of the study was to determine the number and anatomical distribution of incompetent thigh perforating veins. Sixty-five limbs in(More)
There is a growing appreciation for the high incidence of silent cerebral infarction and cerebral atrophy on CT scans in patients with amaurosis fugax (AF) and hemispheric transient ischemic attacks (TIAs). Seventy patients with AF only (no TIAs), 104 patients with hemispheric TIAs (no AF), 185 patients without focal carotid territory symptoms (i.e.,(More)
This second section of the first ECCO pathogenesis workshop on anti-TNF therapy failures in inflammatory bowel diseases addresses the biological roles of TNFα and the effects and mechanisms of action of TNFα antagonists. Mechanisms underlying their failure, including induction of TNF-independent inflammatory pathways and phenomena of paradoxical(More)